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Recurring Cycle in Judges





The theme of Judges is a cycle of apostasy, oppression, penitence and deliverance that is seen repeatedly throughout the book. It is a vicious cycle of sin, servitude, supplication and salvation that repeats itself over a period of about 350 years from 1370 to 1050 B.C. The title of the book is taken from the outstanding characters and prominent figures who deliver God's people. These Judges were actually "Saviors," or "Deliverers" who led the people during the turbulent years in Israel's history. The Key Verses are 2:11-23.

  I. SIN

The people go into apostasy. They rebel against God.


God sends an enemy nation to conquer and chastise them.


The people pray for deliverance.


God answers their prayers by raising up a deliverer to free them and give them peace. These deliverers are the Judges.

  • 3:7
  • 3:8
  • 3:15a
  • 3:10–11 Othniel
  • 3:12
  • 3:13
  • 4:3
  • 3:15b Ehud & Shamgar
  • 4:1
  • 4:2
  • 6:6
  • 4:4 Deborah & Barak
  • 6:1a, 10
  • 6:1b

No reference

  • 6:7ff Gideon
  • 8:33–35
  • Ch. 9
  • 10:10
  • 10:1–5 Tola & Jair
  • 10:6
  • 10:7–9
  • 13:8
  • 11:1 Jephthah & others
  • 13:24; 14:1

Title: Recurring Cycle in Judges
Series: Introduction to Bible Books


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    Message by Wil Pounds (c) 2018. Anyone is free to use this material and distribute it, but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's written consent.

    Unless otherwise noted "Scripture quotations taken from the NASB." "Scripture taken from theNEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission." (

    Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NET) are from the NET Bible® copyright ©1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. All rights reserved.

    Wil is a graduate of William Carey University, B. A.; New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, Th. M.; and Azusa Pacific University, M. A. He has pastored in Panama, Ecuador and the U. S, and served for over 20 years as missionary in Ecuador and Honduras. He had a daily expository Bible teaching ministry heard in over 100 countries from 1972 until 2005, and a weekly radio program until 2016. He continues to seek opportunities to be personally involved in world missions. Wil and his wife Ann have three grown daughters. He currently serves as a Baptist missionary, and teaches seminary extension courses and Evangelism in Depth conferences in Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru, India and Ecuador. Wil also serves as the International Coordinator and visiting professor of Bible and Theology at Peniel Theological Seminary in Riobamba, Ecuador.