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Titus: a Healthy Church


AUTHOR: The Apostle Paul (1:1). Quite possibly the letter was delivered by Zenas and Apollos (3:13).

RECIPIENT: Titus (1:4), a Gentile believer who became a capable missionary and fellow-worker of the Apostle Paul (cf. Gal. 2:3; I Tim. 1:2; Titus 1:4). Titus accompanied Paul to the Jerusalem Council (Acts 15:2; Gal. 2:1-3). Paul sent him to the Corinthian Church during his third missionary journey (II Cor. 7:6-7; 8:6, 16). He and two other believers took II Corinthians to Corinth and urged them to take up an offering for the poor Christians in Jerusalem. Paul left him in Crete to finish the work that Paul had started there (1:5). Before his death Paul send Artemas or Tychicus to relieve Titus in Crete so he could join Paul in Nicopolis (Tit. 3:12). From there Paul sends him to Dalmatia (Yugoslavia; cf. 4:10). Both Timothy and Titus served as pastors of very difficult churches on the Mediterranean. Titus' name does not appear anywhere in the book of Acts. All that we know of Titus is found in this letter to him from Paul and some sketchy mentions in other letters. Tradition says Titus returned to Crete and died there. No doubt, those first readers of the letter were also the members of the Cretan church.

Titus ministered on the mountainous island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea. It is about 156 miles long and 7 to 35 miles wide. Paul's ship stopped at this island on its voyage to Rome when Paul was a prisoner (Acts 27:7ff). These people had a bad reputation in the Mediterranean world (1:12).

PLACE: Paul probably wrote to Titus from Macedonia in A. D. 65 or 66. Paul was probably released from his house arrest in Rome (Acts 28) because his accusers did not choose to press their charges before Caesar (Acts 24:1; 28:30). Paul was set free whereupon he visited Ephesus, left Timothy there to supervise the churches, and went on to Macedonia (northern Greece). From Macedonia he wrote I Timothy (I Tim. 1:3) and visited Crete, left Titus there to supervise the work, and went to Nicopolis in Achaia (southern Greece, Tit. 3:12). Paul then wrote this letter of encouragement from either Macedonia or Nicopolis. He went on to Troas (II Tim. 4:13), where he was suddenly arrested and taken to Rome, imprisoned, and beheaded. During this second imprisonment Paul wrote his last letter II Timothy.

PURPOSE: The Epistle was written to instruct Titus in the ministry. The letter deals with the officers and conduct of the church. Paul encourages Titus in a difficult ministry, and stresses that the Cretans to live like Christians. A third purpose was to have Titus meet him in Nicopolis where Paul was planning to spend the winter months (3:12).


THE CHURCH IN TITUS: In this letter of Paul to Titus he describes the "healthy" church as follows: An orderly church—has competent leadership and committed followers (1:5-16). A sound church —is solid in the truth of the Scriptures (2:1-15). A practicing church—their life-style is characterized by good deeds (3:1-11).

Title: Introduction to Titus

Series: Introduction to Bible Books


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    Message by Wil Pounds (c) 2018. Anyone is free to use this material and distribute it, but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's written consent.

    Unless otherwise noted "Scripture quotations taken from the NASB." "Scripture taken from theNEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission." (

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    Wil is a graduate of William Carey University, B. A.; New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, Th. M.; and Azusa Pacific University, M. A. He has pastored in Panama, Ecuador and the U. S, and served for over 20 years as missionary in Ecuador and Honduras. He had a daily expository Bible teaching ministry heard in over 100 countries from 1972 until 2005, and a weekly radio program until 2016. He continues to seek opportunities to be personally involved in world missions. Wil and his wife Ann have three grown daughters. He currently serves as a Baptist missionary, and teaches seminary extension courses and Evangelism in Depth conferences in Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru, India and Ecuador. Wil also serves as the International Coordinator and visiting professor of Bible and Theology at Peniel Theological Seminary in Riobamba, Ecuador.