JUDGES: Distressing Dark Ages of Israel

The recurring cycle of sin


Political Background (1:1-2:6)

Theological Background (2:6-3:6)






The people go into apostasy. They rebel against God

3:7-11 .Israel did what was evil in the sight of the LORD . . . served Baals. (v. 6-7)

God sends an enemy nation to conquer and chastise them.

God sent the Mesopotamian king, Cushan-Rishathaim to chastise Israel for 8 years (v. 8)

The people pray for deliverance.

.When the sons of Israel cried to the LORD. (v. 9)

God answers their prayers by raising up a deliverer to free them and give them peace.

Othniel (vv. 9-11), nephew and son-in-law of Caleb (1:13; 3:11). Peace for 40 years

3:12-30 .Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD (v. 12) Israel served Moabites, Ammonrites and Amalekites for 18 years (vv. 12-14) .Israel cried to the LORD. (v. 15) .The LORD raised up a deliverer for them, Ehud. (v. 15). Ehud was a left-handed Benjamite who gave Israel 80 years of peace (v. 30)
3:31; 5:6 Philistines (v. 31)   Shamgar slew 600 Philistines (v. 31)
4:1-5:31 .Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD. (4:1) .The LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan. (4:2) for 20 years (v. 3) .Israel cried to the LORD. (v. 3) Deborah and Barak (v. 4, 6; Heb. 11:32). 40 years of peace
6:1-8:35 .Israel did what was evil in the sight of the LORD. (6:1) .the LORD gave them into the hands of Midian 7 years. (6:1, 3, 33; 7:12) Medianites, Amalekites and .people of the East. .So Israel was brought very low . . . Israel cried to the LORD. (6:6-7) Angel of the LORD appeared to Gideon (6:8, 11). 40 years of peace (8:28; Heb. 11:32). He is also called Jerubbaal (6:32; 7:1)
8:33-10:5 .Israel played harlot with the Baals. . . Israel did not remember the LORD. (8:33-34) Civil war (9:56-57) Abimelech (9:1-57)   Tola (10:1-2) 23 years of peace.

Jair (10:3-5) 22 years of peace (v. 3)

10:6-12:7 .Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, served Baals and Astharoth . . . they forsook the LORD and did not serve Him. (10:6) .Anger of the Lord burned against Israel. (v. 7). Philistines and Ammonites (10:7; 12:4) .Israel cried out to the LORD, saying .We have sinned against Thee . . .. (10:10) God used an outlaw Jephthah (11:1-3, 21-23; Heb. 11:32) for 6 years (12:7)
12:8-15     Ibzan of Bethlehem ruled 7 years (v. 9), Elon for 10 years (v. 11), Abdon 8 years (v. 14)
13:1-16:31 .Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD. (13:1) Philistines (13:1) for 40 years .The angel of the LORD appeared. (v. 3ff) .Samson called to the LORD. 16:28) Samson (13:24; 14:6, 19; Heb. 11:32-34) Ruled for 20 years (15:20; 16:31)
1 Samuel 1:9; 2:12-36; 4:1-7:2; 1 Kings 2:27 Philistines captured the Ark of the covenant, 20 years   Eli, the priest at Shilo 40 years
1 Samuel 1:1-2:11; 3:1-4:1; 7:3-8:3 Philistines .Samuel said, .I will pray to the LORD for you . . . Samuel cried to the LORD. (1 Samuel 7:5-6, 9-10 Samuel the last of the Judges and a prophet for 20 years. He was one of the greatest men in the O. T., a Levite, Nazarite, prophet and judge (1 Sam. 7:6, 15-17;Acts 3:24; 13:20; Heb. 11:32)


Religious life (ch. 17-18)

Moral life (ch. 19)

Political life (ch. 21)

Title: Outline of Judges
Series: Intrroduction to Books of the Bible

Message by Wil Pounds (c) 2008. Anyone is free to use this material and distribute it, but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's written consent.

Unless otherwise noted .Scripture quotations taken from the NASB." "Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE�, � Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission." (www.Lockman.org)

Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NET) are from the NET Bible� copyright �1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. http://www.bible.org/. All rights reserved.

Wil is a graduate of William Carey University, B. A.; New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, Th. M.; and Azusa Pacific University, M. A. He has pastored in Panama, Ecuador and the U. S, and served for over 20 years as missionary in Ecuador and Honduras. He had a daily expository Bible teaching ministry head in over 100 countries for ten years. He continues to seek opportunities to be personally involved in world missions. Wil and his wife Ann have three grown daughters. He currently serves as a Baptist pastor and teaches seminary extension courses in Honduras.

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