Against a backdrop of
divine judgment (Amos 1:2) the Hebrew prophet Amos
gives a message of hope in Amos 9:11-15.
Judgment is coming, but
beyond that day of judgment is a day of blessing for
A remnant of faithful
believers is spared from destructive judgment of
Yahweh. Chapter nine opens with a vision of the
temple shaken by the Angel of the Lord which falls
and buries Judah and Israel under its ruins.
However, instead of being swallowed up by the
Gentile nations Israel would be sifted by the
familiar to and fro motion of one shaking a sieve
(Amos 9:7-10). God is going to shake Israel like a
woman shaking a sifter. The result would be a
purging type of judgment but through it a purified
remnant would be preserved. The dust and the dirt
will fall to ground, and the kernel of grain will be
left. She shall be purified from all chaff and
The Hebrew prophet Amos
lived around 760 B.C. during the reigns of
Uzziah of Judah and Jeroboam II of Israel. Isaiah
was a contemporary of Amos. It was a time of
enormous prosperity in the Northern Kingdom of
Israel. The sons of King Solomon ruled in the
southern kingdom of Judah in Jerusalem.
Amos has two contrasting
themes with the dominant subject of Israel's sins
and coming judgment in the first eight chapters.
However, with 9:11 there is expectation of a
restored kingdom. Cf. Amos 5:3, 14-15. God
promised to raise from the fallen nation a new
people for Himself (Amos 9:11-12) and return the
people to the land (9:13-15).
I take these words as
genuine words of Amos. John R. Sampey wrote,
"When he returned to Judah and wrote out his
prophecies, these words of promise and hope formed a
fitting conclusion to his bitter denunciation of
Israel’s sins." If we take these Scriptures
literally they obviously refer to a time of national
blessing for Israel. From the context of the passage
there is no reason for us to take them otherwise.
There is no reason to force them to be taken
Amos is probably the
first of the Hebrew prophets to relate the kingdom
to the "day of the LORD" (Amos 5:18). He expected
Israel’s promised salvation to be the climatic event
at the end of history.
RESTORING OF THE
KINGDOM OF DAVID (9:11-12)
God's promise to David in
2 Samuel 7:16 remains true even in the most desolate
of times. "Your house and your kingdom shall endure
before Me forever; your throne shall be established
forever" (2 Samuel 7:16, NASB95) The
judgments prepare the way for God's mercy and
salvation comes only through the house of David. By
this time in history it was becoming clear to the
prophets that the promise given to David can be
fulfilled only in the Messiah. Amos declares in
"'In that day I will
raise up the fallen booth of David,
And wall up its breaches;
I will also raise up its
And rebuild it as in the
days of old;
That they may possess the
remnant of Edom
And all the nations who
are called by My name,'
Declares the LORD who
Rebuilding David's Reign
This will be a day
of very special blessings on Israel.
No king, past or present,
had rivaled king David during the golden age of the
kingdom. He was a symbol of greater things in the
future. Hebrew prophets had a message of future hope
in turbulent times (Ps. 2; 72; Amos 5:18) even
though by the time of the restoration there would be
nothing left of the kingdom but a "booth,"
"tabernacle," or hut made of branches used for
temporary shelter by soldiers in battle. It was a
lean-to or shepherd's hut. They were booths
constructed of branches and leaves to hide from the
weather. Amos sees the repairing and rebuilding of
David’s house as a symbol of Israel’s greater
restoration. The ancient Jewish rabbis adopted "the
Son of the fallen" as one of the titles of the
Messiah. Though he does not use the terminology here
the kingdom of David could only be raised up through
an offshoot from David's family. This can be no
other than the Messiah.
Moreover, only God could
bring about the revival of the nation as described
by Amos (9:11-15). He speaks of the "fallen booth of
David" (v. 11). No descendent of David had ruled in
the North since 931 B.C. when Jeroboam I led the
The "tent" or literally
"booth" is in contrast to "house of Jacob" (9:8) and
"house of Israel" (9:9; cf. 5:2; 8:14). God promises
in verse eleven to restore the nation like its
golden age. The Zionist movement would not fit the
description. Amos speaks of something greater. God
will reestablish David's "tent" over both the
Northern and Southern Kingdoms.
A descendent of David
would be humble and establish a worldwide kingdom
(Isa. 9:6-7; Mic. 5:1-5a). The apostles identified
Him as Jesus of Nazareth (Acts 2:22-36; cf. Matt.
1:1; 2:6). Jesus began His ministry by calling the
lost sheep of the house of Israel (Matt. 10:6;
15:24; Lk. 24:47; Acts 1:8; 2:5ff; 13:46; 14:1). The
royal palace had to become the hut of Nazareth
before the Redeemer of the world could be born.
His glory and kingdom were not of this world but
The time of the
restoration would be "in that day" (Amos 9:11;
5:18-20). It would be a day when God would purge the
nation by its devastation. It would be a day of
judgment. This occurred in 722 B.C. and in 586 B.C.
The remnant of "Joseph" in the South (5:15) survived
until 586 B.C.
All of the prophets
foresee the Messiah's appearing at a time of the
deepest debasement of the Davidic dynasty and total
loss of the royal dignity.
However, "the day of the
Lord" would also be a day of salvation and
restoration. There was a limited restoration when
the exiles returned from Babylon under Zerubbabel
and Nehemiah 538-430 B.C. But this restoration did
not meet the lofty expectations predicted by the
In Acts 15:13-18 James at
the Jerusalem Conference interpreted Amos'
prediction of a renewed kingdom as fulfilled in the
preaching of the Gospel. He appealed to Amos 9:11-12
to show that all Gentiles are saved who have
believed on Jesus as the anointed of God.
James speaks as a typical
Hebrew who affirms from the Hebrew Scriptures that
God was taking from the Gentiles a people for
Himself. James was quoting Amos from the Greek
translation called the Septuagint (LXX).
In the Greek translation the "nations" or "Gentiles"
(ethne) stand in contrast to the "people" (laos)
which usually refers to the Jewish people. God
called the descendents of Abraham to be His chosen
people (Deut. 14:2). "You are a people (LXX, laos)
holy to the LORD your God. Out of all the people
(LXX, etne) on the face of the earth, the
LORD has chosen you to be His treasured possession."
God would reestablish His King so all nations
("mankind") would have salvation. Jesus brought
salvation to Jews and Gentiles alike.
God chose Israel to be
His special people. At the Jerusalem Council James
declares that Yahweh has chosen a people for Himself
from among the Gentiles! James uses the Hebrew
Scriptures to teach that He has also called the
Gentiles to be His chosen people in the full sense
that Israel is. God revealed to the apostle Peter
that Gentiles are equal partners in the kingdom
In the end of times God’s
people will consist of a restored Israel from
David’s "booth" and a group of Gentiles who will
share in the same messianic blessings, yet they will
be ethnic Gentiles without becoming Jewish
proselytes. Of supreme importance is the fact of the
preservation of salvation by grace alone through
faith alone in Christ alone.
God extends His grace to
all the nations and then once again He turns to
Israel and raises up again the tabernacle of David.
"After these things I will return, And I will
rebuild the tabernacle of David which has fallen,
And I will rebuild its ruins, And I will restore it,
So that the rest of mankind may seek the Lord, And
all the Gentiles who are called by My name" (Acts
The Scriptures are
abundant and speaks forcefully of a future role for
It is important to
remember God has not forsaken His chosen people
Israel. "For I do not want you, brethren, to
be uninformed of this mystery—so that you will not
be wise in your own estimation—that a partial
hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness
of the Gentiles has come in; and so all Israel will
be saved; just as it is written, "The Deliverer will
come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from
Jacob" (Romans 11:25-26, NASB95).
Does God have a future
age of blessing on Israel after the age of the
Gentiles is fulfilled? We are living in the age of
the Gentiles. There is a day coming when the
"fullness of the Gentiles has come" and all the
Gentiles who will be saved are saved. There is a
"partial hardening" of Israel "until the fullness of
the Gentiles has come" into the kingdom of God. Then
God's focus will once again be on Israel and there
will be many turning to God through the Messiah,
Jesus Christ. God has not cast off His people. God
works through remnants. He had a remnant of Israel
in times past. He has a remnant of Gentiles in our
day. Not all Jews were saved in Old Testament times.
Not all Gentiles, non-Jews, are saved in the New
Testament age of grace. There is a remnant chosen by
grace. Are you a part of it? Have you put your trust
in Jesus Christ as your Savior and Lord? God is at
work among the Gentiles in our day and age.
Moreover, God will begin to work with Israel as a
nation again. Amos 9:11-15 looks beyond the time of
God's blessings on the church to a future day of
Jewish blessing. There is still a future age of
blessings on Israel.
The Extent of
David's Reign (9:12)
"That they may possess
the remnant of Edom And all the nations who are
called by My name," Declares the Lord who does this"
(Amos 9:12, NASB95).
Why "Edom"? Edom had been
a traditional enemy of Israel. No Edomite exists in
the world today. We are not told how God will
include a believing remnant of Edomites in David's
kingdom at the end of time. Here Edom is probably
representative of the Gentiles in general in the
parallel expression "all the nations." Perhaps she
is representative of the Gentile nations, especially
all the nations that are hostile to Israel. There is
no record of Edomites who trusted in the Lord. James
uses a translation of Amos that used the word
"mankind" in the place of "Edom." David's dynasty
will include people from every tribe and nation. All
nations will be brought under the dominion of the
Israel has never
possessed all of the land God promised to Abraham in
Genesis 15:18-21. That day is yet to come, and I
believe it will during the millennium. The Jewish
people conqueror some of the land, but not all of
it. Regardless of what the politically correct crowd
of world politicians declare from day to day, let us
be quite clear: the land belongs to Israel. Be very
careful how you treat Israel. She is still God's
chosen people. The land belongs to Israel. We live
in a day when politicians will not accept the
God would expand the
"booth of David" to include Gentile nations. God’s
plan has always been to provide salvation to the
Gentile nations. It is through Abraham that "all
peoples on the earth" would be blessed. Cf. Gen.
12:1-3; 18:18; 22:17-18; 26:3-4; 28:13-14; Isa.
9:1-7; 11:1-13; 42:1-7; 45:22-25; 49:5-7; 55:1-5).
When God restores the kingdom under David’s greater
Son, both Jews and Gentiles will bear the name of
Persons who submitted to
the Lord's anointed King would become a part of the
kingdom. Therefore, the main characteristic of the
rebuilding of the kingdom is salvation provided
through the lineage of David at a time of deepest
RESTORING THE PEOPLE
TO THE LAND (9:13-15)
God will bless His people
again with the same intensity with which He has
punished them. Before it was the fierce anger of the
LORD melting the mountains, but now the same
mountains flows with the wine of the vineyards. This
will be a time of great material wealth and success.
"Behold, days are
coming," declares the LORD,
"When the plowman will
overtake the reaper
And the treader of grapes
him who sows seed;
When the mountains will
drip sweet wine
And all the hills will be
The future restoration
included the land, its cities, and the return of
God's people. God promised to bless the land with an
unprecedented prosperity. God would reverse the
calamity. The promise is in contrast to loss
described in 5:11, 16-17; 3:9. It is a time of great
prosperity something like Israel has never known
before. It will be a time of supernatural material
blessings on Israel. This blessing will far surpass
any past experiences.
There will be no more
famine (1:2; 4:6-8) because God will provide
unending abundance (9:13). The land will be so
productive farmer will have to wait for the reaper
of finish before he can sow again. "In the days to
come Jacob will take root, Israel will blossom and
sprout, And they will fill the whole world with
fruit" (Isaiah 27:6, NASB95).
There will be no more war
(Amos 2:13-16; 3:11, 15; 4:10-11; 5:2-3; 6:9-10;
7:17; 9:1, 10) because God will establish peace (v.
14). There will be safety and peace (Amos 4:2-3;
5:5, 27; 6:7; 7:11, 17; 9:4) because God will watch
over and protect His people Israel (v. 15).
You cannot help but think
of Paul's word in Romans 8:19-25 when he says God
has promised to redeem His creation. The earth will
be restored to the likeness of the original
creation. Paul describes some of the wonders of the
After release from exile
they would rebuild the ruined walls and cities. But
this could be only a partial rebuilding and
fulfillment of Amos’ prophecy. This is a picture of
permanent restoration of the kingdom of David.
Blessings have come and gone in the past, but
this will be unending. This will not be a temporary
blessing. This blessing does not depend upon man,
but is something God alone can accomplish. The only
transition will be into eternity.
"Also I will restore the
captivity of My people Israel,
And they will rebuild the
ruined cities and live in them;
They will also plant
vineyards and drink their wine,
And make gardens and eat
The plowman will catch up
with the reaper. The plowman in Israel who starts in
October will have to wait for the reaper who should
have finished in May. The grape harvest in July will
find the viticulturalist planting new vines into the
ground broken by the long-delayed plowman. There
will be continuous productivity in the fields.
The grapes will hang so heavy in the mountain
vineyards that the hills will drip and flow with new
wine (cf. Joel 3:18). So much juice will drip from
the vines or overflow from the vats. It is a
The doctrine of Jesus
Christ as the Messiah includes the renewal and
restoration associated with the true redemption
because the historical Jesus is truly the "Son of
Man." There will be a time of messianic restoration
and blessing. Amos instills hope in the righteous
remnant by reminding them of God’s steadfast love.
"'I will also plant them
on their land,
And they will not again
be rooted out from their land
Which I have given them,'
Says the LORD your God."
God promised to "plant"
the people in their homeland. He promised to prosper
the land and the people. It would be a secure land
in which the blessing will endure forever. It is a
lasting event in which they will never be torn from
the land again. God's people will dwell forever in
the land He has given them. Cf. Deut. 34:4; Josh.
21:43-45. "But Judah will be inhabited forever And
Jerusalem for all generations" (Joel 3:20, NASB95).
There are many Scriptures
that say Israel will be regathered to her own land.
Israel was taken into exile and 47,000 returned to
the land under Ezra and Zerrubbabel, only to be
scattered to the ends of the earth after the
destruction of Jerusalem and A.D. 70.
The many passages in the
Old Testament speak of a greater regathering of the
Jewish people to the land of Israel. "They will live
on the land that I gave to Jacob My servant, in
which your fathers lived; and they will live on it,
they, and their sons and their sons’ sons, forever;
and David My servant will be their prince forever"
(Ezekiel 37:25, NASB95). "For I will take you from
the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring
you into your own land. Then I will sprinkle clean
water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse
you from all your filthiness and from all your
idols. Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put
a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart
of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of
flesh. I will put My Spirit within you and cause you
to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to
observe My ordinances. You will live in the land
that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My
people, and I will be your God" (Ezekiel 36:24-28,
NASB95). ""They will no longer be a prey to the
nations, and the beasts of the earth will not devour
them; but they will live securely, and no one will
make them afraid" (Ezekiel 34:28, NASB95).
"People will live in it, and there will no longer be
a curse, for Jerusalem will dwell in security"
(Zechariah 14:11, NASB95)." "Therefore behold, days
are coming," declares the Lord, "when it will no
longer be said, ‘As the Lord lives, who brought up
the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt,’ but,
‘As the Lord lives, who brought up the sons of
Israel from the land of the north and from all the
countries where He had banished them.’ For I will
restore them to their own land which I gave to their
fathers" (Jeremiah 16:14-15, NASB95). "Then it will
happen on that day that the Lord Will again recover
the second time with His hand The remnant of His
people, who will remain, From Assyria, Egypt,
Pathros, Cush, Elam, Shinar, Hamath, And from the
islands of the sea. And He will lift up a standard
for the nations And assemble the banished ones of
Israel, And will gather the dispersed of Judah From
the four corners of the earth" (Isaiah 11:11-12,
NASB95). "Then all your people will be righteous;
They will possess the land forever, The branch of My
planting, The work of My hands, That I may be
glorified" (Isaiah 60:21, NASB95).
When we look back over
history it is evident that these verses and many
other Scriptures have not already been fulfilled for
Israel. The blessings in these verses have not taken
place. They describe a future Israel. After the
Babylonian captivity Israel never experienced its
glory again like under King David. Amos is writing
long after David and Solomon. He is not looking back
on David, but forward to a day of future blessing
and prosperity. He along with other prophets of His
day look forward to blessing on Israel never before
This would happen only
when God established the eternal reign of David's
greater Son. The reestablishment of David's throne
was fulfilled when Jesus came. The rule of the house
of David was a fore gleam of the eternal, universal
dominion of God in Christ. Second Samuel 7:13-16;
When did the
restoration of Israel happen?
Some suggest it was
fulfilled in 538 B.C., 200 years after Amos
prophesied. Zerubbabel returned to the land from
Babylon with a group to rebuild the walls of
Jerusalem (Ezra 1-6).
A small remnant did
return form exile and rebuild the city walls and the
temple and it was thriving during Jesus’ time, but
the civil rule was exercised by Rome and the
spiritual leadership was a family of depraved
Sadducees and self-righteous Pharisees. However, it
was again destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D. and
therefore was not an everlasting restoration.
Other scholars suggest
the modern state of Israel is the fulfillment of
Amos. This has come about in the restoration of the
State of Israel in 1948. They believe God is
committed to the land and the people. However, the
modern State of Israel is a secular, non-religious
political movement. There is much in the news today
about Israel in possession of old Jerusalem which is
the holiest of the holy places. However, the Jewish
people in God's perfect timing will rebuild the
Temple in Jerusalem. There are many passages of
Scripture that predict the Temple in Jerusalem at
the time of Christ's return. Non-Christian Jews will
rebuild the Temple and reinstate the sacrifices. If
this seems hard for Christians to accept remember
that these are not Christians, but religious Jews
who are in view. The still wait for the coming of
Still others see the
fulfillment in the church of Jesus Christ. They see
the remnant being transformed into the Christian
"remnant." The real Israel consists of all the
faithful believers from the exile through modern
times and into the future.
All of these suggestions
have some truth to them but they are only a
foreshadowing of the ultimate fulfillment of the
promise by the Messiah. At the second coming Jesus
will set up His kingdom and reign triumphantly over
all the earth. Believers will enjoy the everlasting
rule of God.
The Hebrew scholars Keil
and Delitzsch wrote:
"The raising up of the
fallen hut of David commenced with the coming of
Christ and the founding of the Christian church by
the apostles; and the possession of kingdom and all
the other nations upon whom the Lord reveals His
name, took its rise in the reception of the Gentiles
into the kingdom of heaven set up by Christ.
The founding and building of this kingdom continue
through all the ages of the Christian church, and
will be completed when the fullness of the Gentiles
shall one day enter into the kingdom of God, and the
still unbelieving Israel shall have been converted
to Christ . . . . This sifting will be first brought
to an end through the judgment upon all nations,
which will attend the second coming of Christ. Then
will the earth become a Canaan, where the Lord will
dwell in His glorified kingdom in the midst of His
The last three verses
remind us of Isaiah chapters 2, 4 and 11. The Lord
Jesus Christ will be enthroned as the King upon the
throne of David. God will establish the eternal
reign of David’s greater Son. The rule of the house
of David was a fore gleam of the eternal, universal,
dominion of God in Christ. The ultimate fulfillment
of all these passages is found only in the Messiah,
Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of God.
Just as we are seeing God
gathering out from the nations of the world a people
of His own Name there is coming a day when He will
again work in the stony hearts of His own people
Israel (Rom. 11:25-29). Our sovereign God is not
through with Israel. A day will come when His Spirit
will draw many of the Jewish people to respond to
His saving grace. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.
When Christ returns He
will reign as King of Kings over all the earth. Will
you rule with Him in that everlasting kingdom?
The all-sufficient work
Jesus Christ includes the giving of the Holy Spirit.
Have you received His free gift of eternal life by
grace through faith in Christ alone?
If you need help in
becoming a Christian here is A Free Gift for You.
Title: Amos 9:11-15
The Kingdom Restored
Christ in the Old Testament