JOSHUA: Captain of Our Salvation
Joshua means "JHVH is salvation, "the LORD is salvation." Variant forms include Jehoshua, Jeshua, and Jesus. The book takes its name form its chief character.
AUTHOR: Ancient tradition attributes the book to Joshua, the son of Nun, the commander of the Conquest of the Promised Land. A few sections could not have been written by him (15:13ff; 24:29f). Eleazar or Phinehas could have added these verses. 24:1–26 specifically identifies Joshua as author and eyewitness. The time of writing is not long after the events described, c. 1400 B.C. Cf. Numbers 13:15; Exodus 17:9f; 24:13; 14:6f; 27:18–23.
TIME: The events of Joshua begin where Deuteronomy concludes, i.e. the death of Moses. The date of the Conquest was c. 1406 B.C. Initial conquest was about 7 years and 25 to secure the land.
THEME: The faithfulness of God in fulfilling under Joshua’s leadership the promises he made to Moses to conquer the Promised Land (1:2–4; 11:23; 21:45; 24:14–16).
KEY VERSES: 11:23; 21:45
TYPE: Just as Joshua was the great conqueror leading the chosen people into the Promised Land of Canaan, Jesus his Great Successor is leading His own into the Promised Land of Heaven.
CANAANITE RELIGION: The inhabitants were immoral, offered child sacrifices, priestesses were temple prostitutes, Sodomites were male temple prostitutes, etc. Temples of Baal, Ashtoreth and other Canaanites were centers of vice. JHVH is holy and His people must be holy. He is at war with sin wherever He finds it. God warned Israel, and later executed punishment upon them by cruel nations.
THE CONQUEST OF THE LAND
DIVISION OF THE LAND
|Introduction 1:1-9||Fall of Jericho 6:1-27||Dividing the Land among the People||Consecration of the Tribes 22:1-24:18|
|Commission of Joshua 1:10-18||Defeat at Ai 7:1-26||Caleb’s Possession||Joshua’s Farewell|
|Two Spies and Rahab 2:1-24||Sin of Achan||Cities of Refuge 20:1-9||Death of Joshua 24:29-33|
|Crossing the Jordan 3:1-17||Conquest of Ai 8:1-29||Cities of the Levites 21:1-45||Joseph buried|
|Memorial stones 4:1-24||Time for Worship 8:30-35|
|Canaanites Fearful||Compromise with Gibeonites 9:1-27|
Destruction of Amorites 10:1-43
Conquest of Northern Canaan 11:1-15
|Summary of Conquest 11:16-12:24|
|1:1 5:12||5:13 12:24||13:1 21:45||22:1 24:33|
Title: Introduction to Joshua Outline
Series: A Look at the Book
Message by Wil Pounds (c) 2008. Anyone is free to use this material and distribute it, but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's written consent.
Unless otherwise noted Scripture quotations taken from the NASB." "Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission." (www.Lockman.org)
Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NET) are from the NET Bible® copyright ©1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. http://www.bible.org/. All rights reserved.
Wil is a graduate of William Carey University, B. A.; New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, Th. M.; and Azusa Pacific University, M. A. He has pastored in Panama, Ecuador and the U. S, and served for over 20 years as missionary in Ecuador and Honduras. He had a daily expository Bible teaching ministry head in over 100 countries . He continues to seek opportunities to be personally involved in world missions. Wil and his wife Ann have three grown daughters. He currently serves as a Baptist pastor and teaches seminary extension courses in Honduras, Nicaragua and Ecuador.
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