Painted fire never warms
The contemporary church
sadly lacks burning of heart, which is enthusiasm of
passionate devotion that comes from being in the
presence of the living God of fire.
On the morning of the
resurrection of Jesus women went to the tomb to
anoint with spices the quickly decomposing body of
Jesus. They demonstrated their love and devotion to
Jesus, and their lack of faith in what He had
promised them. Did they come with the idea of
waiting for the risen Lord? No! They
went to find an empty tomb! They rushed home to tell
what they had discovered to a group of doubting and
astonished disciples of Jesus.
No one believed them.
None of the disciples expected Jesus to rise from
the dead. "But these words appeared to them as
nonsense, and they would not believe them" (Luke
24:11, NASB 1995). They considered the reports of
the women "sheer nonsense" such as the babbling of a
fevered and insane mind in delirium or hysteria. It
seemed in their eyes nonsense, the wild talk of a
bunch of hysterical women. It just did not make
sense to the disciples.
They refused to believe
them. The verb depicts repeated disbelief. Every
time the story was repeated it met with unbelief.
The imperfect verb expresses continuous disbelief.
The idea of the
resurrection of the dead was beyond them. "Peter
rose and ran to the tomb" (v. 12). We know from the
Gospel of John that the apostle John went with him
to the tomb (John 20:1-10). When Peter arrived there
he stooped over and looked in and saw the linen
cloths lying alone by themselves. These strips of
linen were used as bandages in preparing the corpse
for burial. Peter saw only the grave clothes without
the body inside. That is the whole point. The body
was missing! The linen cloths which had wrapped the
body with spices and myrrh were there but the body
was not in them. The linen cloth strips with their
hundred pounds of spices and myrrh gum were lying as
they were when they had held the body, and were
still in the form of the body, but without the body
Peter returned home
wondering at what had happened. The word for
"marveling" (NASB) is translated "wondering,"
"marveling," "amazed," "full of amazement,"
"astonished." The sight of the grave cloths caused
John to believe (John 20:8), and it got Peter
wondering as he tried to work it out in his mind.
They knew the body had not been carried off, for the
grave clothes would have been carried off with it.
Until now, no one on the
day of the resurrection of Jesus had visibly seen
Jesus. The tomb was empty except for the grave
cloths. Their minds are filled with amazement and
wonder. Luke describes the appearance on the Emmaus
road that further enlightens us to the disciple's
feelings of despair.
THE CONVERSATION ON
THE WAY TO EMMAUS (24:13-16)
"And behold, two of them
were going that very day to a village named Emmaus,
which was about seven miles from Jerusalem. And they
were talking with each other about all these things
which had taken place" (Luke 24:13-14).
Luke introduces us to
something new and unexpected. It is astonishing and
filled with surprises. Two of the followers of Jesus
had gone to Jerusalem for the Passover celebrations.
They were probably in the crowds that worshiped
Jesus on His triumphal entry into the city, and now
they were returning home Sunday afternoon. They were
on their way to the town of Emmaus about seven miles
followers of Jesus
The two travelers were
having a heated conversation back and forth to one
another about the events of Jesus' death (v. 14-15).
It was a lively exchange of questions put to each
other. "They were talking and discussing" the
events over the weekend. Their center of attention
was "all these things which had taken place" (v.
14). No doubt, they were referring to the stories of
the empty tomb and the angels.
The word "discussing"
suggests lively discussion, perhaps accompanied by
some heat. It was a heated conversation. Maybe one
was skeptical, and the other believed the story of
the resurrection. They "were exchanging words with
one another" (v. 17) has the idea of throwing in
turn, back and forth like a volley ball, from one to
The silent approach
"While they were talking
and discussing, Jesus Himself approached and began
traveling with them" (Luke 24:15). Jesus overtook
them as they journeyed along and drew near to them.
He was going along with them. The subject of their
conversation joined them. They were so engrossed in
their heated discussion that they hardly noticed the
stranger who came up to them. They probably did not
realize exactly when He appeared to them along the
way. It was a natural action on the part of Jesus so
that there was no indication of an unusual or
spectacular appearance. During the forty days after
His resurrection Jesus came and went as He pleased.
Here He was on the road where He wished to be and
with a few strides He easily caught up with the two
men. For a while Jesus "was going along with them,"
saying nothing for a while, and then from a few
paces to the rear of them, Jesus drew up alongside
and began to walk together with them in a most
Luke tells us the two men
were prevented from recognizing Jesus. "But their
eyes were prevented from recognizing Him" (Luke
24:16). They didn't expect to see Him, but more is
implied. God is the agent. They "were kept from
recognizing Him." They were "prevented" from fully
knowing Him. The word krateo means, "hold
back or restrain from, hinder in," or "be
prevented." Something prevented them from
Even though their eyes
perceived a person, their minds were not able to
realize who He was.
Jesus was evidently in
human form, as would be appropriate for a
supernatural being appearing on earth. They were
prevented, or held back from recognizing Him.
Perhaps the glorified body of Jesus was not at once
recognized. No doubt the lack of recognition now and
the later recognition of Jesus is the result of
divine choice (v. 31). The context implies that God
prevented the recognition. God is the agent of "were
kept from," just as when "their eyes were completely
opened" in verse thirty-one.
Henry Alford in his
Greek Testament suggests, "The reason why they
did not know Him was . . . that their eyes were
supernaturally influenced, so that they could
not—see (v. 31). No change took place in Him—nor
apparently in them, beyond a power upon them, which
prevented the recognition just so much as to delay
it till aroused by the well-known action and manner
of His breaking the bread. The cause of this was the
will of the Lord Himself, who would not be seen by
them till the time when He saw fit."
THE COMPASSION OF
JESUS (VV. 17-24).
The stranger was
listening to some of their animated conversation as
He caught up with them on the road and this gave Him
His opportunity to join in with them. They were in
the midst of their "questioning" and "exchanging"
their ideas which neither could answer. His
question, therefore, would be most natural. He asked
to arouse interest, so that He would have the
opportunity to explain the reason for these profound
Jesus said to them, "What
are these words that you are exchanging with one
another as you are walking?" And they stood still,
looking sad (Luke 24:17).
Their appearance tells
the whole story (v. 17). They stood there
looking sad, with faces full of gloom, sullen, and
downcast. Their faces showed the painful
resentment of their hearts. They had been moved
deeply by the events in Jerusalem. Their hearts were
broken and their eyes were darkened by sorrow.
"Sad" is not strong enough.
The brooding disciples
stopped in their tracks and stared at Jesus with
unbelievable surprise and astonishment.
"But we were hoping that
it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed,
besides all this, it is the third day since these
things happened" (Luke 24:21, NASB 1995). "We were
hoping." All hope was gone. No fire, no passion, no
vision, no virtue, no victory, no force, no fervor.
The disciples tell
Jesus what has happened to Him.
"One of them, named
Cleopas, answered and said to Him, "Are You the only
one visiting Jerusalem and unaware of the things
which have happened here in these days?" And He said
to them, "What things?" And they said to Him, "The
things about Jesus the Nazarene, who was a prophet
mighty in deed and word in the sight of God and all
the people, and how the chief priests and our rulers
delivered Him to the sentence of death, and
crucified Him. But we were hoping that it was He who
was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all
this, it is the third day since these things
happened. But also some women among us amazed us.
When they were at the tomb early in the morning, and
did not find His body, they came, saying that they
had also seen a vision of angels who said that He
was alive. Some of those who were with us went to
the tomb and found it just exactly as the women also
had said; but Him they did not see" (Luke 24:18-24).
Are you only a stranger?
Everyone in Jerusalem knew what had happened to
Jesus. How could He (Jesus) not have heard? You must
be the only stranger in Jerusalem that does not
know. The crucifixion of Jesus was evidently a topic
on the lips of all in the city of Jerusalem that
weekend. With perfect calmness Jesus persisted in
drawing out the statements He wanted from them.
The two of them rehearsed
the detailed events of the weekend. They held the
"chief priests and rulers" responsible ultimately in
putting Jesus to death (v. 20).
Their agony reached its
climax in verse twenty-one. "But we were hoping that
it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed,
besides all this, it is the third day since these
things happened" (Luke 24:21).
"But we were hoping"
indicates continuous action in past time—"we were
hoping." They no longer held to this hope. And these
words probably indicate the attitude of the rest of
the group. The death of Jesus put an end to their
expectations. Their hope is now gone.
Their hope was that "He
was the one to redeem Israel." Perhaps the
disciples had hoped that Jesus was the Messiah who
would deliver Israel from its subjection to the
Roman Empire. They were hoping that He was the one
who, in some way, would deliver Israel form its
woes, both spiritual and political. Jesus will later
clarify their misunderstanding about redemption of
The best scholarship puts
the emphasis on the man whom God had sent to redeem
Redemption in the ancient
world signified deliverance on payment of a price.
God saves at a cost. It was not until Calvary that
any man could know the extent of the cost of
redemption. The saving act always costs something
that corresponds to the saving that is effected. The
redemption spoken of here is the deliverance from
sin. Therefore, the price is blood-sacrifice. The
basic meaning "deliverance through the payment of a
ransom" is what Luke has in mind. It probably was
not clear in the minds of the two who walked along
the road, but Jesus now proceeds to instruct with
clear understanding the purpose of the One who came
to "redeem Israel."
But "this is now the
third day since this happened" and He is still dead
and we are still without hope. In their emotional
pain the situation was hopeless.
"But (in spite of this)
also" expressing strong contrast with what proceeds.
"Yet despite this," they continue, there was a
possibility that something extraordinary had taken
place that might perhaps still raise the hopes of
the disciples. Incomprehensible to the traveler's
report was the fact of the empty tomb. The women (v.
22) "amazed us" meaning to drive one out of one's
senses, confuse, amaze, or astound. It is a strong
word; they "completely astounded us." The
women who returned from the empty tomb "brought us
the most astonishing news." They "amaze," or
Verse 23 reveals even
more distress to them, "and did not find His body,
they came, saying that they had also seen a vision
of angels who said that He was alive" (Luke 24:23).
"And when they did not find His body . . ." Alfred
Plummer says, "It is all hearsay evidence and
unsatisfactory; but it is sufficiently disturbing,
Unable to believe the
women some of the men, including Peter and John,
went to the tomb (John 20:2-10). Apparently
they reasoned that those who went to the tomb should
have seen Jesus alive if He were indeed alive, but
they didn't. "Some of those who were with us
went to the tomb and found it just exactly as the
women also had said; but Him they did not see" (Luke
THE COMPREHENSION OF
JESUS REGARDING HIMSELF (VV. 25-27)
Jesus speaks with a
rather sharp rebuke, with authority and convicting
power, even though He is unrecognized by the two
You cannot water down His
words. Jesus said to them, "'O foolish men and slow
of heart to believe in all that the prophets have
spoken! Was it not necessary for the Christ to
suffer these things and to enter into His glory?'
Then beginning with Moses and with all the prophets,
He explained to them the things concerning Himself
in all the Scriptures" (Luke 24:25-27).
A. T. Robertson says,
"Jesus found Himself in the Old Testament, a thing
that some modern scholars do not seem able to do."
The word "foolish" points
to a lack of understanding, meaning a dullness
resulting from not thinking or not considering.
There was an explanation in the Scriptures they used
for all the things which perplexed them. They were
foolish not to use them and trust its message.
They were "slow of heart
to believe" is a figure of speech indicating mental
and spiritual slowness, or dullness. All of the
English translations read "slow of heart to believe
all that the prophets have spoken!"
The word "heart" (kardia)
meaning "mind" goes with "slow" and denotes that
which they are slow "to believe" the truth. They
were not convinced of the truth because they lacked
spiritual alertness. The "heart" was used
figuratively as the seat of the personality and
intelligence. Their unperceptive and sluggish
intelligence had led to their state of grief unto
The Hebrew "prophets" in
this sentence are equivalent to the Hebrew
Scriptures. If the disciples had only believed their
Scriptures they would have believed the reports of
the women at the tomb. They did not "believe all"
that God had spoken to them through His prophets.
They accepted part of the message but not all of it.
They believed the part about the Messiah coming in
glory, but the suffering servant they did not want
to accept. This is quit clear in verse twenty-six.
"Was it not necessary for the Christ to suffer these
things and to enter into His glory?" (Luke 24:26)
The rhetorical question
anticipates a confirmatory answer. It was a
self-evident truth. It was necessary for the Messiah
to suffer. It was God's will for the Messiah to
suffer in order to redeem Israel. He is the
suffering servant of Yahweh.
It was necessary for the
Messiah to suffer as the Redeemer if God was to
accomplish His desired goal in the redemption of
It was necessary for all
the Old Testament prophecies to be fulfilled in the
suffering and glory of the Christ. The sovereign
purpose of God was at stake as well as His
revelation of Himself through the prophets.
The "things" Christ had
to suffer was the rejection and crucifixion. These
"things" stood in the way of their believing He was
the Messiah sent from God.
Christ could not "enter
into His glory" without being lifted up on the
cross. The bright, radiant splendor of His glory
came by way of His cross.
The two acts are
suffering and entering into His glory. The disciples
had no problem with Jesus entering into His glory.
That was easy for them to accept if He were the
Messiah. The scandal of the cross was another thing,
but God's appointed way was entering into His glory
by His offering Himself as the atoning sacrifice for
sins. Christ entered into glory to lay His vicarious
substitutionary sacrifice of Himself before God. The
Father accepted the price of redemption of sinners.
His only Son paid it in full. The sufferings come
first; that is the way of entering into glory.
Christ entered into glory and took His seat at the
right hand of His Father. Our faith rests on both
His atoning sacrifice for our sins and His entering
into His glory.
The word doxa
means "glory," "splendor," "grandeur." It reminds us
of the power of the kingdom of God filled with
praise and honor. The glory of God is filled with
brilliance. All of our English translations of verse
26 use the word "glory."
This is the glory of the
exalted Messiah, the Son of God. At His trial before
the Sanhedrin Jesus said, "But from now on the Son
of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power
of God" (Luke 22:69).
It is at this point in
the exhortation Jesus gives His great panorama of
Himself in all the Old Testament.
The Panorama of
prophecy (v. 27)
Jesus had before Him the
whole panorama of prophecies of His coming. In
studying the Scriptures for Himself He found Himself
in them everywhere. "You search the Scriptures
because you think that in them you have eternal
life; it is these that testify about Me; and you are
unwilling to come to Me so that you may have life"
The demonstration began
anew with every prophet. "Then beginning with Moses
and with all the prophets, He explained to them the
things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures"
The method of Jesus is
always to a take us back to His Word!
I would have given
everything to have been able to have walked with
Jesus to Emmaus and heard Him interpret the
Scriptures. He did not bring them anything new. He
interpreted in all the Scriptures the things
Jesus began to teach them
beginning with the books of Moses and proceeding
with the teaching of all the prophets. He quoted
passage after passage to them and explained them to
the two men. He began with Moses and went on through
all the prophets.
Moses had promised that
God would raise up from among the people "a prophet
like me" (Deuteronomy 18:15). Jesus had called Moses
a prophet. Jesus was that prophet of whom Moses
spoke (Acts 3:22-23; 7:37).
"The Lord your God will
raise up for you a prophet like me from among you,
from your countrymen, you shall listen to him"
(Deuteronomy 18:15, NASB 1995). "Moses said, 'The
Lord God will raise up for you a prophet like me
from your brethren; to Him you shall give heed to
everything He says to you. And it will be that every
soul that does not heed that prophet shall be
utterly destroyed from among the people'" (Acts
3:22-23, NASB 1995). "This is the Moses who said to
the sons of Israel, 'God will raise up for you a
prophet like me from your brethren'" (Acts 7:37).
The important thing is
Jesus "interpreted to them in all the scriptures the
things concerning Himself" (Luke 24:27). Jesus chose
out those passages which might be regarded as
"messianic" and then proceeded to show how they
should be understood in relationship to Him. These
writings concerned the suffering and death of
Christ, including the Suffering Servant of the LORD
in Isaiah 53. Jesus was interpreting the Scriptures
He was David's King, and
Solomon's "altogether lovely" One. He was Jeremiah's
"Branch of Righteousness," and Ezekiel's "Plant of
renown." He was Daniel's stone cut without hands,
smiting the image, becoming a mountain, and filling
the earth. He was the ideal of Hosea. To Joel He was
"the hope of His people and the strength of the
children of Israel." He was Amos' "plowman
overtaking the reaper, and the treaded of grapes of
him that sows seed." He was Obadiah's
"deliverance upon Mount Zion and holiness." He was
the fulfillment of the sign of Jonah, and "the
turning again" of the God of Micah. He was Nahum's
One who was upon the mountains publishing peace, the
Anointed of whom Habakkuk sang as "going forth for
salvation." He brought the people the pure
message of Zephaniah and He was the true Zerubbabel
of Haggai's rebuilding forever the house and the
city of God. He is Zechariah's day when the holiness
of the Lord is upon His people. He is indeed the
"refiner's fire," "the fuller's soap," and "the Sun
of righteousness" of Malachi's vision. (For further
study let me recommend our eighty part series on
Christ in the Old Testament).
The travelers arrived at
Emmaus and invited Jesus to come and abide with
them. Jesus gave the impression as if He would go on
His way. They urged Him strongly, constrain,
prevailed upon Him to come and abide with them.
"And they approached the
village where they were going, and He acted as
though He were going farther. But they urged Him,
saying, 'Stay with us, for it is getting toward
evening, and the day is now nearly over.' So He went
in to stay with them" (Luke 24:28-29).
The two men "urged," or
"constrained" Jesus to come into their home. They
"urged strongly," and "prevailed upon" Him to enter
in. They did not use physical force, of course, but
"they kept Him from going any further." We would
say, "They got Him to change His mind," or "they
persuaded Him to stay" for a while. They persisted
and won out. Jesus entered their home for an evening
It is interesting to
observe that if the two disciples had not pressed
Him to stay, there is no reason for thinking that He
would have stayed with them. If the men on the road
to Emmaus had not invited Jesus into their home, He
would have passed on.
Because of this
conversation with Jesus their hearts burned with
love for Him. They invited Jesus in to take care of
His needs, and thus received the richest blessings.
Jesus longs for an intimate love relationship with
us. He comes along in our life and so often we fail
to invite Him into our hearts and we miss the
blessing. He still desires to enter where He is
invited. Lord Jesus, will I see you today?
"O, come to my heart, Lord Jesus,
There is room in my heart for Thee."
THE CLEAR REVELATION
OF JESUS TO THE TWO (VV. 28-32)
"When He had reclined at
the table with them, He took the bread and blessed
it, and breaking it, He began giving it to them.
Then their eyes were opened and they recognized Him;
and He vanished from their sight" (Luke 24:30-31).
Breaking bread with
The New American Standard
Bible more accurately translated the scene as Jesus
and the two disciples "reclined at the table." The
Jewish custom in Jesus' day was to recline on low
leather couches about the table. The meals were not
eaten while sitting at a table as is the custom in
our day. Jesus and His friends reclined on one's
side on the floor with the head closest to the low
table and the feet extended away.
Jesus was no doubt
invited by the hosts to assume the role of the guest
host. He took the bread in His hands and pronounced
the blessing. He blessed the flat, unleavened cake,
and in the act of giving it over to them, as they
were taking it from His hands, their eyes were
opened and they fully recognized Him.
"Then their eyes were
opened" making it possible to understand. Suddenly
they saw and recognized Jesus. The opening of their
eyes is to be understood in a metaphorical way
indicating they fully recognized Him.
The disciples had looked
upon Jesus, but they had not recognized Him up to
this moment. Now as if a veil had fallen from
their eyes, they now instantly see and recognize
Jesus. It is an act of God. Their eyes, minds,
hearts were opened by God and they clearly recognize
Previously they had been
"kept form recognizing Him" (v. 16), and now the
very opposite was happening.
Alfred Plummer says,
"Something in His manner of taking and breaking the
bread, and of uttering the benediction, may have
been the means employed to restore their power of
I think in the action of
breaking the bread they saw His hands, and the
imprint of the nails in those hands. Luke, however,
does not tell us how they recognized Jesus. He
simply states the fact that "their eyes were opened
and they recognized Him."
The risen Lord was no
phantom or hallucination, or spirit. He was real!
Christianity is not founded on the dreams of men's
disordered minds, or the vision of fevered eyes, but
on the one who in actual historical fact faced and
fought death and conquered it and rose again. God
opened their eyes to see the significance of the
action and recognize Jesus. At that moment they knew
beyond question or shadow of doubt that this person
was Jesus and that He was undeniably alive before
their very eyes!
The next thing happened
before their eyes was just as exciting. "Then their
eyes were opened and they recognized Him; and He
vanished from their sight" (Luke 24:31).
Verse 31, literally
reads, "and He became invisible from them."
They could no longer see Him. It was a real
objective instantaneous disappearance. He
became invisible and passed from them.
means "invisible," "vanish." He vanished from their
sight. The NIV reads, "He disappeared from their
Jesus became invisible to
them in the moment of their recognition of Him. He
became invisible to them. He was there with them and
suddenly He was not with them.
Try to imagine the place
where He lay a moment ago was empty. He was there.
They saw Him with their own eyes. Then suddenly He
Jesus had entered a new
state in which He appeared and disappeared at will.
As He had left the sealed tomb, so He now left the
Alfred Plummer notes,
"Something more than a sudden departure, or a
departure which they did not notice until He was
gone, is intended. We are to understand
disappearance without physical locomotion: but we
know too little about the properties of Christ's
risen body to say whether this was supernatural or
not." The Expositor's Greek Text says, "After being
recognized Jesus became invisible . . . from them,
implying departure from the house. . . He departed
from them in an invisible manner." Henry Alford says
the words imply, "besides the supernatural
disappearance, a real objective removal from them."
The miracle consists of
His appearing to them. He is not bound by
limitations of space, time, matter, and five senses.
The resurrection body must have properties which are
not limited as this "body of humiliation." No
"flesh and blood," but "flesh and bone."
The coming and going of
Jesus in His post-resurrection appearances gives Him
opportunities to teach His disciples to walk by
"Did not our hearts
burn within us" (v. 32)?
The two disciples did not
express surprise at Jesus' suddenly becoming
invisible to them. "They said to one another, 'Were
not our hearts burning within us while He was
speaking to us on the road, while He was explaining
the Scriptures to us?'" (Luke 24:32)
The seat of the physical,
spiritual and mental life, the core of their whole
inner life, with its thinking, feeling, and
volition, emotions, wishes and desires responded to
the reality of the risen Savior. Their "hearts" were
strangely warmed, like a fire burning. It is the
warm glow of a personal encounter with Jesus. Their
hearts beat together like one heart because of the
shared relationship with Jesus. How sweet the
fellowship of kindred of spirit.
Here the word "burn"
means to light something, or keep something burning,
to be strangely warmed, feel on fire, like a fire
burning, to glow with warmth. It translated a word
meaning to glow with warmth.
The warm glow in the
hearts of these believers was due to the gradual
return of understanding, joy and hope.
Metaphorically the word "burning" is used to
indicate both enthusiasm and expectation. They are
not burning with anger; they are now full of joy,
delight and enthusiasm because they have seen the
Their hearts burned while
He was speaking to them opening up the Scriptures in
such a wonderful way that made their hearts glow and
burn with new faith, assurance and joy. The warm
glow came in what He said as He opened the
Scriptures. What caused their hearts to glow was the
fact that their Lord who suffered and died was God's
Anointed One. They saw that Jesus was the Messiah.
I pray that today you
will have that warm glow within from a new faith,
assurance and joy of the risen Christ. If our hearts
don't burn within us today it is because we don't
sit and listen. Listen to the Scriptures and
your heart will burn!
God and tell! (vv.
When the heart burns
within because of a personal encounter with the
living Christ you must run and tell others "He is
alive!" "And they got up that very hour and returned
to Jerusalem, and found gathered together the eleven
and those who were with them" (Luke 24:33).
The two disciples who
broke bread with Jesus wasted no time returning to
Jerusalem! Can you imagine their conversation as
they made the seven-mile journey back to Jerusalem
in the night? Their immediate reaction was to go and
tell the other disciples. "They left the same hour"
which means "straight away." The late hour did not
bother them, and it must have been late in the night
when they arrived back in Jerusalem.
The door swung open and
they all shouted, "It is true!" Someone has seen Him
alive! There are witnesses! It is joy
unspeakable, all full of glory. "The Lord has really
risen and has appeared to Simon" (Luke 24:34).
The two weary travelers
didn't have a chance to say a word! Before they
could give their report about the risen Savior, they
were greeted by the shout of "He is risen!" "The
Lord has risen indeed." Yes, it is true; the Lord
has risen to life, and has appeared to Simon Peter.
"And has appeared to
Simon!" Plummer suggests, "This manifestation
apparently took place after the two had started from
Emmaus and before the disciples assembled at
Finally the two get to
give their testimony. "They began to relate their
experiences on the road and how He was recognized by
them in the breaking of the bread" (Luke 24:35).
Peter alone in the group
in Jerusalem had seen the risen Lord. The two
travelers stress their experiences and their report
gives a strong emphasis with that of the gathered
group. "They told what had happened on the road and
how He was known to them." "They" (emphatic pronoun)
had recognized Him, or realized that it was Jesus
"at the moment they saw Him break the bread."
You really cannot finish
this study without the next paragraph because it
brings everything to a tremendous climax.
"While they were telling
these things, He Himself stood in their midst" (Luke
24:36). Those poor boys were interrupted again. "All
of the individuals in the room are engaged in
animated conversation about "these things" reported
by Peter and the two disciples from Emmaus. Then
"Jesus Himself stood among them." His appearance was
sudden (cf. v. 31). He stood "in midst of them."
There He was among them.
Jesus did not burst
through walls. He was within the closed, i.e.
locked, doors with the disciples. Jesus appeared by
supernatural power within the closed walls. The
resurrected, glorified body was not bound by earthly
limitations of time and space. The earthly body
caused no limitations to the glorious resurrection
body. Neither will it when Jesus comes for us!
glorified Jesus appears when and where He desires to
appear. He makes Himself visible and His visible
appearance disappears when He desires.
Jesus did not walk
through anything. The disciples did not see Him take
so many steps from the doors or the wall to their
midst. He simply appeared there; that was all.
How would you have
responded to the sudden appearance of Jesus in your
The disciples were
"startled and frightened." They were terrified. All
of them were in a state of fear. Panic was written
all over them. Luke uses two verbs which mean the
same thing in order to express great terror. The two
verbs reinforce one another. They were terrified and
full of fear.
"But they were startled
and frightened and thought that they were seeing a
spirit" (Luke 24:37). The NET Bible
translates, "startled and terrified." Goodspeed
translates, "terrified and panic stricken." Phillips
says, "they shrank back in terror."
That they were startled
and frightened is not quite the idea. They had just
been telling the two from Emmaus that "The Lord has
risen indeed." As they try to state the facts the
very person who has been absent suddenly appears in
their presence despite the barred doors.
They kept on thinking
they saw a spirit. This impression naturally arose
from the sudden and miraculous appearance of Jesus.
They knew it was Jesus, but how could He suddenly be
there with no evidence of arrival or entrance? He
suddenly appeared right there on the spot in front
of them in their midst.
And He said to them, "Why
are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your
hearts? See My hands and My feet, that it is I
Myself; touch Me and see, for a spirit does not have
flesh and bones as you see that I have." And when He
had said this, He showed them His hands and His
feet. While they still could not believe it because
of their joy and amazement, He said to them, "Have
you anything here to eat?" They gave Him a piece of
a broiled fish; and He took it and ate it before
them (Luke 24:38-43, NASB 1995).
R. W. Dale was the pastor
at Carr's Chapel in London. He was studying the
Gospel accounts on the resurrection of Jesus. Dale
became so convicted of the reality of Jesus'
resurrection that he suddenly rose from his desk and
began to pace back and forth in his study saying, "I
want my people to know as I do He is alive. He
is alive! He is alive!"
It is my prayer that you,
too, will know He is alive. Yes, Jesus is alive!
Title: Luke 24:13-43
The Warm Glow of the Resurrection
Series: Life of