SEED OF THE WOMAN
1. The promise of
salvation is given before anyone died physically. It
is the first word of grace.
2. "Seed of the woman" --
virgin birth. Matt. 1:18; Gal. 3:16, 19; Gal. 4:4;
Rom. 16:20; Rom. 1:3, 4
GARMENTS OF SKIN
1. The emphasis is
covering of skin which God provides at the expense
of the animal. You can't have garments of skin
without shed blood. Behind those garments there had
been sacrifice. No doubt God had given instructions
of some kind about sacrifices when we compare Abel
and Cain's offerings in chapter four. The shedding
of blood is implied. God laid the foundation for
animal sacrifice with Gen. 3:21; 4:4.
2. It is God's free gift.
"God made garments" which covered them from head to
foot. Salvation is the gift of God (Jn. 3:16; Eph.
3. Even with skins man
stands naked if he is not clothed in the
righteousness of Christ. We are clothed with the
righteousness of Jesus Christ.
FIRST ANIMAL SACRIFICE
IN WORSHIP (Genesis 4:4)
1. The theme of the Lamb
begins in this passage. (Gen. 22:8; Ex. 12; Lev. 16;
Isa. 53; Jn. 1:29, 36; Acts 8:26ff; I Pet. 1:18-20;
Rev. 5:9, 12; 6:15-17; 7:9-17; 17:14; 19:11-21;
2. The ultimate
fulfillment is found in the Lamb of God who takes
away the sin of the world. Abel's offering involved
sacrifice of a lamb and the shedding of its blood.
3. God accepted Abel's
offering; He accepted Christ's offering of Himself
for our sins.
SEED OF ABRAHAM
1. God promised Abraham
". . . in you all the families of the earth
(Gentiles) shall be blessed" (12:3b; 21:12-18). God
renews the promise in 22:18 after testing Abe's
faith. It is renewed with Isaac (26:1-4), Jacob
2. The Messiah Jesus
Christ is the seed of Abraham, who blesses the
Gentile nations by providing salvation (Acts 3:25;
Gal. 3:8, 14, 16). Gentiles are included in the
great plan of salvation.
MELCHIZEDEK AS A TYPE
OF OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST (Genesis 14:17-24)
1. Melchizedek was a
priest of the true God.
2. He was without
beginning and without end (no account of his
descent). Cf. the preincarnate Christ.
3. Melchizedek is a type
of Christ our Priest-King. Cf. Heb. 6:20; 7:23, 24;
Isa. 11:4-9; Heb. 7:2; Ps. 110:4). His is an
unchanging priesthood (Heb. 7:17, 24, etc.).
4. Melchizedek was
probably a Christophany of the O. T.
ANGEL OF THE LORD
"The Angel of the LORD"
is a manifestation of the LORD God. Gen. 21:12-21;
22:11-18; 31:11-13; 32:22-32; Ex. 14:19-31; Judges
6:11-24; 7:15; 13:2-23.
Numerous passages lead us
to believe He is the Lord Jesus Christ in theophanic
1. He is referred to God
as His sender and speaks for God.
2. He is a divine
3. He is seen walking,
4. He assumes visible
form in the pillar of cloud, and column of fire.
5. He is called the
"Angel of His Presence."
6. He appears as the
7. He identifies Himself
with JHVH (LORD).
8. He is called JHVH
(LORD). He was perfectly equal with God; He is
essentially one with God. (Gen. 17:20; 48:16; Isa.
63:9; ex. 3:2; Matt. 1:20, 24; Micah 5:2; Jn.
1:1-14; Judges 6:11, 21; 13:6 ff.; Ex. 14:19; 13:21;
Num. 22:22, 23; I Chron. 22:16; Zech. 1:9ff; John
17; Heb. 13:8; Jn. 8:58).
LAMB (Genesis 22)
1. God provides the
substitute lamb for Isaac (22:8, 13-18). The
emphasis is on substitutionary atonement. It is one
lamb for one person. Cf. Isa. 53:6; II Cor. 5:21; I
Pet. 2:24; Rom. 5:8
2. The only sacrifice
which God accepts for our sins is the sacrifice
which He Himself has provided.
THE COMING OF SHILO
The Jewish interpretation
of Gen. 49:10 reads: "Until the time when the King
Messiah comes to whom it belongs." Cf. Num. 24:17;
1. The royal family of
Israel comes from the tribe of Judah. It culminates
in the dynasty of the Messiah. Cf. II Sam. 7:16;
Matt. 2:1-2; Rev. 5:5; 22;16; I Chron. 28:4; Heb.
7:14; Lk. 3:33. The people's choice was the wrong
choice. They chose king Saul from the tribe of
Benjamin (I Sam. 8-9; 16).
2. The Lion of the tribe
of Judah comes from this lineage. Cf. Zech. 9:9, 11;
Isa. 2:2-3; Matt. 21:5.
THE SHEPHERD AND THE
STONE (Genesis 49:24)
1. Jesus is the Good
Shepherd (Ps. 23; 80:1; Isa. 40:11; Ezek. 34:23-25;
37:24-28; Jn. 10:11, 14-16; I Pet. 2:25; 5:4). Jesus
is our Chief Shepherd.
2. Jesus is a Precious
Stone (Ps. 118:22-23; Isa. 28:16; Lk. 20:17-18; Eph.
2:20; I Pet. 2:4, 6-8; Rom. 9:32, 33; I Cor. 3:11).
Jesus is the sure foundation of our salvation (Acts
THE PASSOVER LAMB
"When I see the blood I
will pass over you. . ." (Ex. 12:11-13, 23, 27, 46).
1. Jesus is the LORD's
Passover (I Cor. 5:7-8). It was on the Preparation
Day, about 12 noon that Jesus was crucified. Jesus
was being crucified at the precisely the same time
as the Passover lambs were being slain at the Temple
(19:14ff). The observance of the Lord's Supper
pictures the Lamb slain for us (Lk. 22:15-23).
2. Not only must the lamb
be slain, but the blood must be applied. We must
appropriate the death of Jesus by faith (Jn. 3:16;
Rom 10:9-10, 13). Salvation by grace is not our
project; it is His provision.
BREAD FROM HEAVEN
(Exodus 16:4-21, 31-35)
Manna is a type of food
which God provides for our souls. Jesus is our
heavenly bread, and when we take Him into our lives
by faith He gives eternal life (John 6:31-51, 68-69;
Rev. 2:17; I Cor. 10:3-4).
It was a supernatural
gift, "bread from heaven" which had to be
appropriated. It didn't do them any good until less
they ate it. Jesus the Bread of Life must be
appropriated by faith. Don't lose your appetite for
Him (Num. 12:4-9).
WATER FROM THE ROCK
Jn. 4:10, 14; I Cor.
10:4; Rev. 21:6; 22:17; Isa. 55:1-3
BLOOD OF THE COVENANT
Blood of animals under
the old covenant could not take away sin, but they
looked forward to the day when the Lamb of God would
accomplish what they could not for themselves. Cf.
Jesus' death for sinners Matt. 26:28; Lk. 22:20; I
Cor. 11:25; Zech. 9:11; Heb. 9:22; 13:12, 20; Mk.
14:24; Isa. 53; Heb. 2:17; Isa. 31:31-34.
Blood is significant in
the various offerings. Lev. 17:11 it is the atoning
blood for our souls. Blood is the medium of
expiation. I Jn. 1:7 Hebrew TALMUD on Lev. 17:11
says, "There is no atonement except with blood." The
sacrifice of the animal was the sacrifice of a
sinless, holy life. No animal has ever sinned.
Blood of Christ cleanses
from sin (I Jn. 1:7); is blood of the New Covenant
of Christ (Heb. 9; 13:20); of remission (Matt.
26:28; Mk. 14:24; Heb. 9:22b; Isa. 53; Heb. 13:12);
our sanctification (I Cor. 1:2; Heb. 2:10-11;
9:13-15); accomplishes our redemption (Eph. 1:7; Jn.
1:29; Col. 1:14; I Pet. 1:18-19; Rev. 5:9; Acts
20:28); is a propitiation (Rom. 3:25), brings peace
with God (Eph. 2:13; Col. 1:20); accomplishes
reconciliation with God (Col. 1:20-22; Rom. 5:10ff);
gives victory (Rev. 12:10); basis of our
justification (Rom. 5:9); the means whereby we enter
into the Holy of Holies (Heb. 10:19-20); He
purchased His church with His own blood (Acts
THE MERCY SEAT (Exodus
The Mercy Seat was the
lid or covering on top of the Ark of the Covenant.
Cf. Heb. 9:5. It was the place where the blood of
the sacrifice was sprinkled to make atonement for
the sinner. It was the place where justice and mercy
met. The blood of the innocent on the mercy seat met
the demands of the Law. It was the O. T. throne of
Christ is our Mercy Seat
(Rom. 3:25; I Jn. 2:2; 4:10; Rom. 5:6, 8, 10). The
"propitiation for our sins" is the turning away of
wrath by an offering. God's justice is satisfied
with the sacrifice of Jesus for our sins. He turns
His own wrath away with His own blood. Our sins debt
has now been paid in full. God's holiness is
satisfied, and His wrath is turned away.
CHRIST THE VEIL
We enter in through the
veil of the Lord Jesus Christ (Heb. 10:19-20; Mk.
15:38). The door to God's presence is opened to man
when Christ died and rent the veil. Christ is the
veil (Heb. 10:19-20; Jn. 10:7; Acts 4:12).
(EXODUS & LEVITICUS)
Every O. T. sacrifice
anticipated the true and perfect sacrifice which
Christ would offer. They were shadows of the coming
perfect sacrifice for sin. Christ is the end of all
the sacrifices. These sacrifices were witnesses to
the people that they were sinners and could be saved
only by substitutionary death, offered on their
behalf. The sacrifices testified that the worshiper
lived only by virtue of the slain victim in his
stead. The continual repetition of the sacrifices
testified that blood of animals cannot take away
sin. The sacrifices were a promise, a prophesy, and
a pledge that one day God would provide the perfect
offering for our sins.
All O. T. sacrifices were
mere shadows of the sacrifice of Christ and looked
forward to it. The O. T. sacrifices were worthless
in their own right, but were accepted for the time
as tokens of the future sacrifice of the Lamb of God
(Heb. 10:10-14). Once that sacrifice was offered,
all other sacrifices lost their meaning, for the
infinite value of the Savior's death was enough to
pay the penalty for sin of all men for all times
YOM KIPPUR - DAY OF
ATONEMENT (Leviticus 16)
Yom Kippur was a day of
humiliation when the high priest took of his vesture
and dressed like other priests. The high priest
would make atonement for himself (v. 6). Our Great
High Priest didn't have to offer a sacrifice for
Himself! (Heb. 7:26-28; 9:11-15, 22). The high
priest would then take two goats one which would be
slain (vv. 11-19 and the other the scapegoat would
be led out into the wilderness (vv. 8-10, 20-34).
1. "Scapegoat" is a type
of Christ's death as putting away our sins before
God (Heb. 9:26; Rom. 4:25; 5:1; 8:33-34). He lifts
up and carries our sins away never to return again.
Note his fate; he was lead out into the wilderness
to a place where it was impossible for him to find
his way back to the camp. He suffered just what the
sinner without Christ would suffer (Isa. 53:6, 12; I
Pet. 2:24). By faith we laid our sins on Jesus and
He bore them in His own body in His death on the
Cross. The scapegoat was a visible representation
that their sins were utterly removed and carried
away (Ps. 103:12). Our sins were as though they had
never been (Isa. 38:17; Micah 7:19; Jer. 31:34; Heb.
2. Slain goat is a type
of Christ's expiatory death (Rom. 3:24-26). It
vindicates the holiness and justice of God (II Cor.
5:21). Our sin bearer died in our place (Isa. 53:4;
Gal. 3:13). The reason for making use of two animals
is that it was physically impossible of combining
all features that had to be set forth in the sin
offering in one animal (Heb. 10:4, 12-14; 9:28; I
Pet. 2:24; Jn. 1:29). He cleanses us of all sin (I
Jn. 1:7; Heb. 9:14; 7:25).
OUR KINSMAN REDEEMER
The right of redemption,
the right to buy back, belonged to the nearest
kinsman. Christ is our nearest of kin through the
incarnation (Heb. 2:10-18; Job 19:25; Ruth 2:1; 4:4,
14; Gal. 4:4-5; Eph. 1:7; I Pet. 1:18, 19; Rom.
3:24; 8:3; Phil. 2:7). Jesus you are my kinsman
redeemer. You have the right to redeem me, all that
I have lost. He has the power to redeem. He has the
means to do it. He is ready and willing to redeem
MY REDEEMER LIVES (Job
Job looks forward to the
coming of the Messiah. Job's redeemer is his Goel,
kinsmen redeemer. The nearest of kin had the
responsibility of redeeming his kinsman's lost
opportunities. A man would become a slave to redeem
his freedom. If a family member dies without an heir
the Goel redeemed his name by marrying his
widow and rearing a son to hand down his name. The
Goel would act as an avenger in case a family
member was murdered. However, no one comes to redeem
Job. JHVH will provide His Goel! Cf. Heb.
7:25; Rom. 5:6-10.
THE NAZARITE (Numbers
The idea is be separate
to God, consecrated to God. Most Nazarite vows were
for a short time and could be repeated. Christ was
uniquely separated to God. He is holy, harmless,
undefiled and separate from sin (Heb. 7:26; Jn.
4:34; 8:28-29; 15:11; Lk. 4:34; II Cor. 13:4; Phil.
2:6-8). It is also a beautiful picture of the
Christian life (Col. 3:3; Rom. 12:1, 2; 6:13d; I
AARON'S BUDDING ROD
The rods were dry, dead
as they could ever be. Aaron's rod was probably the
same rod he had left Egypt with. The budding rod,
coming to life, is a symbol of Christ rising from
the dead, bearing first fruits.
THE RED HEIFER
Water to remove the
defilement of death was made with the ashes of the
red heifer. The red heifer without spot and blemish
(Lev. 19:4; Heb. 9:14; I Pet. 1:19) speaks of
Christ's obedience unto death (Phil. 2:8), was slain
without the camp of Israel (Lev. 19:3; Jn. 19:16,
17; Heb. 13:11-12), sprinkled blood was a covering
for sin (Lev. 19:4; Rom. 3:24, 25; Eph. 1:7; I Pet.
Jesus compared the bronze
serpent in the wilderness to the lifting up of the
Son of Man on the Cross (John 3:14, 15).
BRIGHT AND MORNING
STAR (Numbers 24:17)
A "star" from Jacob will
be a brilliant ruler, a person and symbol of
imperial greatness and splendor. Royalty will rise
from Israel. He will be the same person as Shilo
(Gen. 49:10). Jesus is that brilliant ruler (Matt.
2:1-2; Rev. 22:16).
CITIES OF REFUGE
Six cities were
designated as places of refuge for the manslayer to
flee to. Christ is the shelter for the sinner from
divine judgment (Ps. 46:1; 142:5; Isa. 4:6; Rom.
8:1, 33, 34; Phil. 3:9; Heb. 6:18, 19). He is a
Savior of love, grace and compassion.
A PROPHET LIKE MOSES
The Hebrew prophet was
one "boiling" or "bubbling over" with Divine
inspiration. The word signifies "to tell," to
announce forth. It is to tell as well as fore-tell,
one who speaks for God.
Christ is the prophet of
whom Moses spoke. Cf. Jn. 6:14; 1:21; Matt. 21:11;
Acts 3:21-22; 7:37; Jn. 4:19, 25, 26; Lk. 2:25-34;
4:16-22; 9:8; Jn. 5:45ff; 12:48-58; Matt. 17:5; Heb.
CAPTAIN OF THE HOST OF
THE LORD (Joshua 5:14-15)
Application wise compare
Jesus leading the host of heaven in war against
Satan in Revelation.
AN ETERNAL KING TO SIT
ON THRONE OF DAVID - (II Samuel 7:12-16)
It is a promise of an
eternal throne to David. The Messiah, the Eternal
King will reign on David's throne. "Forever" (vv.
13, 16; I Kings 2:45; 9:5; I Chron. 22:10; 28:4-7;
Jer. 30:9; Ezek. 34:23-25; 37:24-28; Hosea 3:5;
Ezek. 34:23-25; 37:24-28; 43:6-9; Dan. 3:5; Amos
9:11-12) emphasizes the eternal continuance of the
seed of David, "an eternal duration" in the absolute
sense of David's posterity could only last forever
by running out into a person who lives forever, and
whose kingdom has no end. The seed of David
commences with Solomon and closes with the eternal
King Jesus Christ. The promise given to David could
only attain fulfillment in Christ. Heb. 3:6. The
seed of David was chastised because of its sins and
it was humbled until the earthly throne became
extinct. Christ born of the seed of David in the
flesh, raised up the throne again to establish it
forever (Lk. 1:30-33, 69). Moreover, what a climax
to this prophecy when Jesus returns and reigns in
glory over the whole world. Cf. Revelation. Every
nation and people will be under subjection to Him
(Phil. 2:11; Isa. 9:6-7). It will be an everlasting
kingdom with an eternal reign as King.
Also note the building of
the house of the Lord goes hand in hand with the
eternity of the kingdom. As the King endures
forever, so the Temple endures forever (I Kings
8:13; Jn. 1:14). God tabernacled Himself (Jn. 2:19),
and the resurrection assures His abiding presence
(Jn. 14:23; I Cor. 6:19; I Tim. 3:15; I Pet. 2:5; II
Cor. 6:16; Rev. 21:1-3; Zech. 6:13).
An "everlasting covenant"
accompanies that new house (II Sam. 23:5; I Chron.
17:12-14; II Chron. 7:16; Isa. 55:3). The old is
only a shadow of the one in heaven.
JOB'S UMPIRE (Job
Job needed someone one to
negotiate his case before God. The O. T. did not
have an intercessor. Job pleads for an umpire,
someone to act as an arbitrator at an appointed day.
"To act as an umpire," or "mediator" implies one who
hears two parties in a dispute and decides the
merits of the case. Our perfect mediator is in
Emanuel. There are only two conditions for a
mediator: God become man, and a third party
mediator. Cf. I Tim. 2:5; Heb. 7:25; Job 16:18-22;
31:35; Heb. 9:24; 12:24; Gal. 3:19ff; Heb. 8:6;
9:15; II Cor. 5:18-19).
Ps. 2; 8; 16; 22; 45; 72;
89; 110; 118; 132; with Ps. 23 Messianic
tells of the reign of the LORD's Anointed, the
Messiah. Christ is the King of the Jews (Matt. 2:2;
27:11, 29, 37); King of Israel (Mk. 15:332; Jn.
1:49; 12:13); King of kings (Rev. 17:14; 19:16);
"the King" at Judgment (Matt. 25:34, 40); King of
Salvation (Zech. 9:9; Matt. 21:5); King of Peace
(Lk. 19:38; Heb. 7:2); King of Righteousness (Heb.
1:8; 7:2); King of Glory (Matt. 25:31-34).
reveals Christ as the Ideal Man. When we see Jesus
we see what God intended when He created man and how
far man has fallen. When we are born again God sees
us in Christ. Christ is the pattern for normal
humanity. Cf. Phil. 2:9f; Heb. 2:7-9. Christ rode
the unbroken colt, the cock crew at the precise
moment at the trial, caught the fish in the net with
coin in its mouth to pay the tax.
speaks of the resurrection and is quoted by Peter in
Acts 2:24-33; 13:28-39. Peter's great sermon is
saturated with quotes from the Messianic Psalms. Cf.
I Cor. 15; Isa. 25:8.
graphically pictures the death of Christ. Cf. Matt.
27:46; Mk. 15:34; II Cor. 5:21; Matt. 27:35-39, 43;
Mk. 15:29; Jn. 19:23-28; Cf. Ps. 41:9 with Jn.
13:18; Matt. 26:47-56; Ps. 34:20 with Jn. 19:36;
35:19 with Jn. 15:25.
is beautifully fulfilled in the Good Shepherd (John
10:11-19, 26-28; I Pet. 2:25; Rev. 7:17; Ecc. 12:11;
is the celebration of the marriage of the King. Cf.
Heb. 1:8-9; Rev. 19:1-10; Phil. 2:9.
is the reign of the Messiah King. Cf. Rev. 19:11-18;
is the LORD's covenant with David's greater Son Jn.
7:42; Matt. 1:1; Lk. 1:32-33; Acts 13:22-23
Messiah King-Priest is quoted more often in the N.
T. than any other Psalm. Cf. Lk. 22:69; Matt. 22:44;
Mk. 12:36; Lk. 20:42, 43; Acts 2:34,35; Heb. 1:13;
Matt. 26:64; Eph. 1:20; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:3; 8:1;
10:12; 12:2; Phil. 2:11; Mk. 14:62; 12:14; Heb.
7:17, 21; 5:6, 10; 6:20; etc., etc.
the stone men reject is the one God chose (I Pet.
2:6-7; Matt. 21:42; Mk. 12:10, 11; Acts 4:11; Eph.
the endless reign on David's throne (Lk. 1:32, 69;
WISDOM OF GOD
In Prov. eight "wisdom"
is personified. Note especially vv. 22-23, 30. Only
in the Logos do we have these personifications
fulfilled. Cf. the Incarnate Word, Jesus Christ,
made flesh (Lk. 11:49; Jn. 1:1-18; 17:5; I Cor.
1:24, 30). The Preincarnate Christ personified in
A FRIEND WHO IS CLOSER
THAN A BROTHER (Proverbs 18:24)
". . . But there is a
friend who sticks closer than a brother." Cf. Jn.
15:13-16; Jn. 3:16; I Jn. 3:16
THE BRANCH (Isaiah
Isa. 11:1-5; 53:2; Jer.
23:5-6; 33:15-17; Zech. 3:8-9; 6:12-13 all give us
added dimensions and descriptions of the Zemach --
"sprout, shoot, branch." The Messiah is a "growing
thing." The idea is abundant, vitality and fresh
life. The word always implies something living and
ISAIAH'S LORD ON THE
THRONE (Isaiah 6:1-5)
The Apostle John tells us
in John 12:41 that Isaiah saw the Pre-incarnate "Son
of Man," Jesus Christ sitting on the throne of
IMMANUEL (Isaiah 7:14)
Immanuel, "God with us"
would be conceived of a virgin and He would be named
"Immanuel." Cf. Matt. 1:23; Jn. 1:14; Lk. 1:31-35;
THE STONE TO STUMBLE
OVER (Isaiah 8:14)
The Jewish Messiah would
be a stumbling block to Israel (Lk. 2:34; Rom. 9:33;
I Pet. 2:8, 16; Ps. 118:22. The man is a believer
fleeing in time of trouble, and the altar will be a
sanctuary, the place where he meets God. But if he
is an unbeliever, who has no time for God, then the
altar is only a heap of stones over which to strike
and stumble over. Jesus is our sanctuary, our
Savior. However, He is also Judge, the crushing rock
to the unbeliever.
THE GREAT LIGHT
A state of spiritual
darkness fell over the people of Israel, and only a
remnant will see "a great light." That Light is the
Lord Jesus (Isa. 60:1-7; Lk. 1:78, 79; Jn. 1:4;
3:19; 8:12; 9:5; 12:35, 46).
THE CHILD WITH FOUR
NAMES (Isaiah 9:6-7)
Each name describes a
characteristic of Jesus and His relationship to His
people. Jesus is a "Wonderful Counselor," effective
in planning, formulating action and carrying it out
(Isa. 28:29; I Cor. 1:24, 30; Eph. 1:11; Matt.
11:28-30). Jesus is the "Mighty God," the Strong
One, literally the "God-hero." In the O. T. the name
always means Absolute Deity (Phil. 2:9-11; Rev.
19:5-7; 11-21). He is the "Eternal Father" always
acting as a tender, faithful, wise provider and
protector of His people (Jn. 8:58; 12:34; Heb. 13:8)
and "Prince of Peace" (Isa. 11:6-16; 16:5; Jn.
16:33; 20:19, 21, 26: Eph. 2:14-18; Col. 3:15; Jn.
14:27; 16:33; 20:19; 14:1). The Messiah will be a
faithful, righteous ruler (Isa. 16:5; 9:6-7; 19:20;
22:22: 32:1-5; Rev. 3:7; Isa. 32:1ff).
SHALL DEFEAT DEATH
Paul tells us the last
enemy to overcome is death in I Cor. 15:54 while
quoting this passage in Isaiah (Isa. 26:19; I Cor.
15:20-28, 51-57; Rev. 21:4).
THE MESSIANIC AGE
He will heal the blind
(v. 5; Matt. 11:5; Jn. 9:6-7), deaf, lame (v. 6),
and the speechless (Matt. 15:30; Jn. 5:8, 9; Acts
3:8; Mat. 9:32; Lk. 11:14; Jn. 7:38). He will be the
way of salvation (v. 8; 40:3; Matt. 7:13-14; I Pet.
1:15, 16; Jn. 14:6; Rev. 7:17; 21:4).
ROAD IN THE WILDERNESS
Just as the roads were
prepared for the coming of royalty in the ancient
days God's messengers, especially John the Baptizer,
would prepare the way spiritually for the coming of
the Messiah (Matt. 3:3; Mk. 1:3; Lk. 3:4-6; Jn.
1:25; Lk. 7:27; Jn. 14:6).
THE SERVANT OF THE
LORD IN ISAIAH
Isaiah's "Servant poems"
42:1-7; 49:1-7; 50:4-9; 52:13-53:12 lead to a
graphic climax of the suffering Messiah. The Jewish
Targum takes the view that the Servant is the future
Messiah, an individual, and neither the prophet, nor
the nation of Israel.
Matt. 12:18-21; Phil.
2:7; I Pet. 2:4, 6; Lk. 2:32; Jn. 1:4-9; Acts 13:47;
Matt. 26:67; 27:30; Mk. 15:19; Lk. 22:63; Isa. 62:11
Note the detailed
explanation of the humiliation and exaltation of the
Messiah in Isa. 52:13-53:12. Cf. Isa. 43:25; 44:22;
Heb. 9:11-16, 22-28; 10:10-21; I Pet. 2:24, 25;
Matt. 26:63; 27:12-14; Mk. 14;61; 15:5; LK. 23:9;
Acts 8:32, 33; Jn. 1:29, 36; I Pet. 1:18, 19; Phil.
2:5-11; Acts 2:32-33; etc., etc.
THE REDEEMER (Isaiah
The theme of Redeemer
coming out of Zion is recurring in the Bible (Isa.
41:14; 59:20; 60:16; 63:16; Rom. 11:26, 27).
MINISTRY OF JESUS (Isaiah 61:1-2)
Cf. Jesus' ministry in
Lk. 4:18-19; 4:40; 7:13-15, 22; 8:43-56; 13:11-13;
MESSIAH GIVES NEW LIFE
Jesus removes the heart
of stone and gives the Spirit to believers (Ezek.
37:14; Jn. 3:3, 5; II Cor. 5:17; 3:3).
WATER FROM THE TEMPLE
"Water" denotes blessing
and salvation (Isa. 12:3; 44:3; Ps. 46:4). The water
of salvation has its source from the sanctuary, the
Lamb of God slain. Jn. 4:14; 7:37-38; Rev. 22:1-2
STONE CUT WITHOUT
HANDS (Daniel 2:34-35, 44)
The stone is cut without
human help; messianic rule is a sovereign
supernatural power (Cf. Dan. 4:3; Jn. 18:36; Rev.
21:2; 22:5; Lk. 1:33; Ps. 2:9; Matt. 10:34; 13:31,
SON OF MAN (Daniel
The term identifies
Christ with humanity, lowliness, humility, patience,
suffering and triumphant victory. Jesus used this
title as a substitute for the pronoun "I" (Lk. 9:58;
Matt. 11:19; 16:13; Mk. 8:27); when speaking of His
future glory (Matt. 19:28; 24:30; Mk. 13:26; Lk.
17:26, 30); His coming again (Matt. 24-25; Mk. 13;
Lk. 17; Matt. 26:64); His coming judgment (Matt.
13:41; 25:31, 32; Lk. 21:36l); His suffering, death
and resurrection (Matt. 17:12, 22; 16:21; 26:2, 24;
Lk. 9:44; 18:31, 32;22:22, 48), etc.
SEVENTY WEEKS & THE
MESSIAH (Daniel 9:24-27)
Messiah comes from a
Hebrew word meaning "to smear, to anoint, to spread
a liquid." Prophets, priests and kings were
"anointed," smeared with oil of anointing. Jesus is
the Anointed of the Lord, or Messiah. He is the
agent of God through whom Israel's destiny was
fulfilled (Lk. 4:16-21; 23:35; 24:26-27, 46).
SON OUT OF EGYPT
". . . And out of Egypt I
called My son." Cf. Jesus birth Matt. 2:1-23.
RANSOM MEN FROM DEATH
"Ransom" means "to
purchase by payment of a price." "Redeem" is Goel,
by right of the kinship (Cf. Lev. 25:25; Ps. 49:15;
16:10; I Cor. 15).
RESTORE FALLEN BOOTH
OF DAVID (Amos 9:11-15)
The kingdom of David
would fall so low in its degenerate condition until
instead of a great royal palace it will have only a
miserable hut. The restoration of the Kingdom
through the Messiah will be the solution (Lk. 1:33;
JONAH'S THREE DAYS IN
FISH (Jonah 1:17)
Presents a beautiful type
of the resurrection of Jesus (Lk. 11:22; Matt.
12:40-41; I Cor. 15:3-4; Acts 2:22ff).
BETHLEHEM (Micah 5:1-5)
Men will strike Jesus (v.
1), Cf. Matt. 2:2; 26:31; Mk. 14:27. Born in
Bethlehem Ephrathah (v. 2), cf. Matt. 2:6; Lk. 2:4;
Ruler of Israel will be born there (v. 2), cf. Matt.
2:6; Lk. 2:4; the preexistence of Christ (v. 2), Jn.
1:1-3; Col. 1:17; Jn. 8:58; the resurrection (v. 4),
cf. Lk. 1:32; Jn. 10:11ff; He will give peace (v.
5), cf. Eph. 2:14; Jn. 16:33; 20:19, 21, 26.
THE DESIRE OF THE
NATIONS (Haggai 2:7)
There will come one who
will be "the wealth of the nations," or desire,
consolation that will draw Gentiles to Him. He will
be the object of desire that which a man finds
pleasure, joy, etc. Gentiles will come to the house
of God and worship Him (Jn. 1:14; 2:11, 19-21; Lk.
9:32; Rev. 21:10, 11, 22-24).
REMOVAL OF INIQUITIES
He will take away our
iniquities and give us a right standing with God
(Cf. Zech. 13:1, 6; II Cor. 5:21; I Jn. 1:7, 9; Rev.
KING RIDING A COLT
Israel's king will come
riding on a colt (Matt. 21:5; Jn. 12:15; Mk. 11:2ff;
Lk. 19:30ff). It will be quite a contrast to the
THIRTY PIECES OF
SILVER (Zechariah 11:12-13)
Jesus was sold for the
price of a common slave (Cf. Matt. 26:15; 27:3-10).
LOOK ON THE ONE THEY
HAVE PIERCED (Zechariah 12:8-10)
Men who crucified Jesus
will one day, thousands of years later look on the
one they crucified and mourn (Jn. 19:37; Rev. 1:7);
also they will look on Him at the crucifixion and
realize they made mistake (Lk. 23:48).
STRIKING OF THE
SHEPHERD (Zechariah 13:7)
Jesus will be crucified
and the disciples will flee (Isa. 53:4, 5, 10; Matt.
26:31; Mk. 14:27; Jn. 10:11, 15, 17).
THE ANGEL OF THE
COVENANT (Malachi 3:1)
The Messenger of the
Covenant is one in essence with JHVH. The coming of
the Lord to His Temple is represented as a coming of
Maleakh, "the Covenant Angel" or Messenger.
He is fulfilled in the coming of Christ, the Logos.
Cf. Heb. 9:15; 12:24; Mk. 1:2.
THE SUN OF
RIGHTEOUSNESS (Malachi 4:1-5)
A beautiful poetic
expression of the spiritual healing the Messiah will
bring to His people (Cf. Lk. 1:78; Jn. 1:4, 9; 8:12;
Jn. 5:21; Rev. 21:23; 22:1-5; I Jn. 5:11, 12; Matt.
11:14; Mk. 9:11-13; Lk. 1:17).
THE COMING OF ELIJAH
John the Baptist was like
Elijah in appearance, character, and prophetic
ministry. He was the forerunner of the Messiah (cf.
Matt. 11:13-15; Mk. 1:2fff; Lk. 3:2-18).
Prophecies, types and applications in the Old
in the Old Testament