Psalm 45 describes a
mystical king, His bride and His marriage. The
Bridegroom in Psalm 45 is the Messiah King. The main
subject of the Psalm is the King, of course. There
is a long-standing tradition in Judaism that this
Psalm is prophetic in character and deals with the
The Psalmist is
overflowing with a message to teach his recipients.
It is a Maskil or a teaching psalm. The word
"overflow" in verse 1 is a verb meaning to "bubble
up," or "boil." It denotes excited emotion, or
lively excitement. Let the tongue overflow with
songs of praise. The heart of the poet gushes out
with a "good word" from God. "My tongue is the pen
of a ready writer" (v. 1). I can identify with the
Psalmist in his enthusiasm because my heart
overflows with emotion when I think of Jesus Christ.
I can shout with excitement, "No Other Song have I
to Sing but Jesus." I can illustrate this enthusiasm
with this quote of C. H. Spurgeon on Christ. Listen
to the pulse beat of this man of God.
I believe that whenever
our religion if most vital, it is most full of
Christ. . . . I can bear witness that whenever I am
in deeps of sorrow, nothing will do for me but
"Jesus only." . . . I retreat to the innermost
citadel of our holy faith, namely, to the very heart
of Christ, when my spirit is assailed by temptation,
or besieged with sorrow and anguish. What is more,
my witness is that whenever I have high spiritual
enjoyments, enjoyments rich, rate, celestial, they
are always connected with Jesus only. . . The
sublimest, the most inebriating, the most divine of
all joys, must be found in Jesus only. . . I find if
I want to labor much, I must live on Jesus only; if
I desire to suffer patiently, I must feed on Jesus
only; if I wish to wrestle with God successfully, I
must plead Jesus only; if I aspire to conquer sin, I
must use the blood of Jesus only; if I pant to learn
the mysteries of heaven, I must seek the teachings
of Jesus only. I believe that anything which we add
to Christ lowers our position, and that the more
elevated our soul becomes, the more nearly like what
it is to be when it shall enter into the region of
the perfect, the more completely every thing else
will sink, die out, and Jesus, Jesus, Jesus only,
will be the first and the last. . . . (C. H.
Spurgeon, Sermons of C. H. Spurgeon of London,
Vol. 9 (N. Y.: Funk & Wagnalls Co., n. d.), pp.
With his message bubbling
up from an overflowing heart the Hebrew Psalmist
wants us to see the King in all His beauty.
THE BEAUTY OF THE KING
His person is
beyond compare (v. 2). "Thou art fairer than the
sons of men."
The song was composed out
of love for the king and his bride (v. 1). However,
someone greater than king Solomon is before our
eyes. Every devout Israelite was forced to think of
the ideal Person, the coming King who would be
anointed by God, and who would shine through the
shadowy form of the earthly king.
The features of the
everlasting nature of His throne, and its realm, and
the divine character of His being reaches beyond
King David and his descendants. This king is called
the "Mighty God." He is the child with the four
names in Isaiah 9:6. "For a child will be born to
us, a son will be given to us; And the government
will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be
called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal
Father, Prince of Peace."
The words of this psalm
cannot be fulfilled in any person save in Jesus the
Messiah. The Psalmist is struck by the superhuman
excellencies. The King possesses sovereign beauty in
fullest development. There is absolute purity in His
character. There is no beauty among men comparable
to the beauty of the Messiah. He is the fairest of
ten thousand in wisdom, holiness and righteousness.
He is the resplendence of His Father's glory which
is unaffected by the power and deformity of sin.
The Psalmist writes in
verse 2b, "Grace is poured upon Thy lips." The words
of Jesus are music to the souls of men. Words of
unmingled graciousness and courteousness flowed from
His lips. They were words of wisdom, love, pity,
grace, gentleness, pardon, forgiveness and
assurance. It is the grace of a King. He and His
words are altogether lovely and gracious. Luke
4:18-22 records the response to His reading from
"The Spirit of the Lord
is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good
news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom
for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the
blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the
year of the Lord's favor." Then he rolled up the
scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down.
The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened
on him, and he began by saying to them, "Today this
scripture is fulfilled in your hearing." All spoke
well of him and were amazed at the gracious words
that came from his lips.
The beauty of the King is
more than skin deep. Leaders in Judaism said, "Never
did a man speak the way this man speaks" (John
7:46). "We beheld His glory, glory as of the only
begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth"
(1:14). John the Baptist said, "For He whom God has
sent speaks the words of God; for He gives the
Spirit without measure. The Father loves the Son,
and has given all things unto His hand" (3:34-35).
The victories of
the King (vv. 3–5).
In Christ we find no
vulgar ambition or lust for conquest. He is no
Napoleon or Alexander the Great or Joseph Stalin.
There is no self-interest in Him. The enemies spoken
of here are not flesh and blood. They are spiritual.
His weapons are "truth,
meekness and righteousness" (v. 4). He teaches
"awesome things." His method is humility. It is a
spiritual kingdom, not political. He conquers Satan
with truth. Ephesians 6:12 reads, "We do not wrestle
against flesh and blood, but against principalities,
against powers, against the world rulers of this
present darkness, against the spiritual hosts of
wickedness in the heavenly places." The Apostle Paul
is talking about powers destroyed by Christ.
Christ rode into
Jerusalem in a triumph of humility. However, this
prophecy is not exhausted with Christ's first
coming. There will arrive a day when He comes as
King of Kings and Lord of Lords Discover this truth
for yourself in Revelation chapter 19. He will
return as victorious King and we shall shout,
"Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty,
reigns" (Revelation 19:6).
Not only does the
Psalmist' heart bubble forth with this good theme of
the beauty of the King, but he declares
THE BLESSINGS OF THE
He is blessed of
God forever (v. 6a).
"Thy throne, O God, is
forever and ever. . . "
The Messiah's kingdom is
an everlasting kingdom (2 Samuel 7:12ff). The
Psalmist declares the deity of His person and the
eternity of His kingdom. He shall reign as King of
kings for all eternity. His throne is everlasting
because He is everlasting.
He is characterized
as the "Mighty God" (Isa. 9:6).
Hebrews 1:8, 9 gives us
the traditional Jewish interpretation of this Psalm.
The New Testament writer is quoting Psalm 45:6, 7
and applying the words to Jesus Christ, the Son of
But of the Son He says,
"THY THRONE, O GOD, IS FOREVER AND EVER, AND THE
RIGHTEOUS SCEPTER IS THE SCEPTER OF HIS
KINGDOM."THOU HAST LOVED RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HATED
LAWLESSNESS; THEREFORE GOD, THY GOD, HATH ANOINTED
THEE WITH THE OIL OF GLADNESS ABOVE THY COMPANIONS."
He is a righteous
ruler (v. 6b).
"A scepter of uprightness
is the scepter of Thy kingdom." Everything He does
is right in the sight of a holy God. He is no Ahab
or Amon or Manasseh. Here is a righteous ruler to
perfection. ""But with righteousness He will judge
the poor, And decide with fairness for the afflicted
of the earth; And He will strike the earth with the
rod of His mouth, And with the breath of His lips He
will slay the wicked. Also righteousness will be the
belt about His loins, And faithfulness the belt
about His waist" (Isaiah 11:4-5). Absolute reigning
power is safe in His hands.
He is anointed of
God (v. 7).
He is both God and man.
Emanuel––God with us. Think of the wonder of this
Person, who was the mighty God––yet He became flesh.
"Great is the mystery of our faith: God was
manifested in flesh!" wrote the Apostle Paul.
"Thou hast loved
righteousness, and hated wickedness; Therefore God,
Thy God, has anointed Thee With the oil of joy above
He has come to get
married (vv. 8–9)
"All Thy garments are
fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; Out of
ivory palaces stringed instruments have made Thee
glad. Kings' daughters are among Thy noble ladies;
At Thy right hand stands the queen in gold from
The relationship between
God and Israel is constantly represented in the Old
Testament under the emblem of a marriage
relationship. In the New Testament the church is
compared to the queen. She is the bride of Christ.
Every true believer in Jesus Christ down through the
ages is His bride. He counts this universal,
invisible Body as His spouse. The spiritual
communion between Christ and His church are compared
to a marriage relationship.
He has come for His
bride. Ephesians 5:25 reminds us "Christ loved His
church and gave His life for her" so He might
present to Himself a glorious church, a beautiful
bride, without spot and without blemish. He has
clothed us in His righteousness. Since we are heirs
and coheirs with Him all that belongs to Him belongs
to us. "We are made partakers of the divine nature"
(2 Peter 1:4).
He has prepared a place
for His Bride (verse 8b). "Out of ivory palaces
stringed instruments have made Thee glad." Jesus
tells us in John 14:2–3 that He has gone to prepare
a very special place for us. When the time in God's
sovereign grace is right He will return for us.
What a powerful message
the Psalmist wants to teach his people. Your King is
beautiful, and He comes with blessings for His
bride. Moreover, he has words for the
THE BRIDE OF THE KING
The king is lord
over His Bride (vv. 10-11).
To be an excellent bride
of this King she must take to heart some wisdom of
Verse 10 admonishes her
to forget her own father's house, and her own
people. "Listen, O daughter, give attention and
incline your ear; Forget your people and your
father's house." There must be entire surrender of
herself to Christ. "Count all things loss for the
excellencies of the knowledge of Christ Jesus our
Lord." Forsake all to follow Him. Forget worldly
associations and attachments.
In verse 11 she must be
in subordination to her husband. She must be
absorbed in the presence of a purer affection. "Then
the King will desire your beauty; Because He is your
Lord, bow down to Him." He becomes the master of our
hearts. Jesus said, "If you love me you will keep my
commandments." I think it is sad but true that many
times He is no longer King of our hearts.
Christianity in our day has become shallow because
He is not Lord and Master of our lives. When you
desire His beauty you worship Him! You crown Him
Lord of your life. Moreover, He will respond in the
wonder of His love. "We love Him because He first
loved us." That love just keeps on growing.
She must be in complete
union and in complete dependence upon her husband.
The splendor of the
Bride (v. 13).
"The King's daughter is
all glorious within; Her clothing is interwoven with
The Bride of Christ is
dressed in white robes of His righteousness. She is
spotless now. We stand before Him in fine linen
clothes, clean and white. They are embroidered with
Christlike graces. Our self–righteous rags are
stripped away and the best robe of heaven is placed
on us. Ephesians 5:26, 27 reads, "so that He might
sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of
water with the word, that He might present to
Himself the church in all her glory, having no spot
or wrinkle or any such thing; but that she would be
holy and blameless" (Ephesians 5:26-27).
The bride is clothed with
adoption, justification, sanctification,
righteousness, etc. The clothing is bought without
money and without cost. How can that be? The King
ceremony is described (vv. 14-15).
The queen must have been
someone radiant in beauty.
"She will be led to the
King in embroidered work; The virgins, her
companions who follow her, Will be brought to Thee.
They will be led forth with gladness and rejoicing;
They will enter into the King's palace."
It reminds us of another
wedding that will take place when the King comes for
His bride. Are you ready for the marriage of the
Lamb? Revelation 19:7-9 describes that wedding. "Let
us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him,
for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride
has made herself ready." And it was given to her to
clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for
the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
And he said to me, "Write, 'Blessed are those who
are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.'"
And he said to me, "These are true words of God."
Remember the parable of
the Ten Virgins. "They that were ready went in with
Him unto the marriage, and the door was shut." Which
side of the door are you on? Are you ready for His
coming in glory? He came in grace to save at His
first coming. He returns in glory to judge at His
Today if you will believe
on Jesus Christ as your personal Savior He will give
you a place in His kingdom. Romans 10:9-13 says.
"that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord,
and believe in your heart that God raised Him from
the dead, you shall be saved; for with the heart man
believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the
mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation. For the
Scripture says, 'WHOEVER BELIEVES IN HIM WILL NOT BE
DISAPPOINTED.' For there is no distinction between
Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all,
abounding in riches for all who call upon Him; for
'WHOEVER WILL CALL UPON THE NAME OF THE LORD WILL BE
The whole church will be
together at the King's Second Coming (1 Thess.
4:13-18). What a day of rejoicing that will be.
There will be
THE BENEDICTION OF THE
"In place of your fathers
will be your sons; You shall make them princes in
all the earth. I will cause Thy name to be
remembered in all generations; Therefore the peoples
will give Thee thanks forever and ever."
The regal glory of the
house of David has reached its climax in Jesus
Christ. The Messiah, the Anointed of God, has come
in all His beauty. Revelation 5:10-14 declares
the worship He is receiving right now and will
through all eternity.
"'And Thou hast made them
to be a kingdom and priests to our God; and they
will reign upon the earth.' And I looked, and I
heard the voice of many angels around the throne and
the living creatures and the elders; and the number
of them was myriads of myriads, and thousands of
thousands, saying with a loud voice, 'Worthy is the
Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and
wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing.'
And every created thing which is in heaven and on
the earth and under the earth and on the sea, and
all things in them, I heard saying, 'To Him who sits
on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and
honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.' And
the four living creatures kept saying, 'Amen.' And
the elders fell down and worshiped."
The Apostle Paul
resounded with eternal praise to the Son of God when
he wrote Philippians 2:9-11: "Wherefore God also
hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which
is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every
knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in
earth, and things under the earth; And that every
tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to
the glory of God the Father."
Psalm 72:17-19 breaks
forth with same in the same manner. "May his name
endure forever; May his name increase as long as the
sun shines; And let men bless themselves by him; Let
all nations call him blessed. Blessed be the Lord
God, the God of Israel, Who alone works wonders. And
blessed be His glorious name forever; And may the
whole earth be filled with His glory. Amen, and
Amen" (Psalm 72:17-19).
Come worship the King of
all glory. Have you bowed your knees before Him and
confessed Him as your Lord and Savior? "Whoever will
call upon the name of the Lord will be saved."
45:1-17 Worship the King in all His Beauty
the Old Testament