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Biblical teachings for personal Bible study, daily devotions and sermon preparation with abiding principles and practical applications. Here is a dictionary of the rich terms used in the Christian vocabulary.


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Deity of Jesus Christ

The Christian's God and Savior is Jesus Christ.

In Titus 2:13 the very nature of Jesus Christ is equal to God and is the same as God. The word "God," together with "Savior," describes the nature of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is God. There is only one article in the Greek, "the great God and our Savior." This is the necessary meaning of the one article with "God" and "Savior." "The great God and Savior" refers to the same person, Jesus Christ. John Gill said, "What a wonderful person He is, for He is God manifest in the flesh."

John 20:31 tells us the author wrote his Gospel so that his readers would know that Jesus Christ is God and by putting their faith in Him could have eternal life. The "signs" that John chose to describe in this book were chosen to give evidence of the deity of Jesus. "Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God." In the Gospel of John Jesus performed miracles, and lives a sinless life before a watching world. Sinners who put their trust in Him are changed. Why? It is precisely because He is God.

Jesus claimed to be and is God in the flesh, the Son of God, the Savior of all who will believe on Him. Other testimonies in the Gospel of John regarding the deity of Jesus are John the Baptist (John 1:34); Nathanael (Jn. 1:49); Jesus (Jn. 5:25; 10:36); Peter (6:69); the healed blind man (Jn. 9:35); Martha (Jn. 11:27); Thomas (Jn. 20:28) and the apostle John himself (Jn. 20:30-31). These were the only ones from the many that he could have chosen to include in his book.

John 20:28 is the testimony of Thomas when he saw Jesus alive after the crucifixion. Jesus accepted the testimony of His disciple when he declared, "My Lord and my God!" The statement could be translated, "You are my Lord and my God!" or "You are my Lord, even my God." The fact is the same person is my Lord and my God. He is not referring to two different individuals.

The most significant use of the word "Lord" (kurios) in the Gospel of John is to confess that Jesus is God. It is the highest possible confession of faith in Jesus Christ. Kurios is used in John in quotations from the Old Testament and is the standard Greek equivalent for the Hebrew name for God, Yahweh or Jehovah (LORD). This is the highest confession of Jesus' deity. We must make the same confession in order to be saved (Rom. 10:9-10, 13; 1:4; Acts 2:36).

Jesus is God visible in the flesh (John 1:1-3, 14, 18; 8:58; cf. 2 Cor. 8:9; Phil. 2:5-9; Col. 1:17; Heb. 1:2f; John 17:5). The pre-existent Logos "became flesh." The Logos was eternally God. Jesus is God-Man. Therefore, His words and actions are those of the God-Man. Christ, the eternal Logos, who is God, became flesh and lived among men. Jesus' Sonship is unique for He is eternal and is of the same essence as "the Father."

In 2 Peter 1:1 "The righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ" tells us Jesus is God and Savior. The Greek grammar here clearly indicates that "God and Savior" is one Person, not two. There is one Greek article with two substantives indicating that Jesus Christ is coequal in nature with God the Father (John 1:1; 20:28; Titus 2:13; Matthew 16:16). The construction of the Greek text demands we translate, "our God and Savior, Jesus Christ."

The one article "the" (tou) with "God" and "Savior" requires precisely one person, not two as in our "Lord and Savior" in 2 Pet. 1:11; 2:20; 3:2, 18. In 1 Peter 1:3 it is "the God and Father," again one person not two. "The grammar is uniform and inevitable" (A. T. Robertson). "Grammar demands that one person be meant." Jesus Christ is the Christian's God and Savior (Acts 4:12).

In Hebrews 1:1-2 the author presents the Son as “the exact counterpart of God” (Moffatt). In the absolute sense Jesus Christ is the "Son" of God. He is God’s Son who reveals the Father (John 1:18). “The revelation was a son-revelation” (Vincent). Down through eternity Jesus Christ was God the Son. He did not become the Son of God when He was born in the flesh. He condescended to become Man (Phil. 2:5-6). "Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was" (John 17:5, NASB95). The NET Bible reads, "And now, Father, glorify me at your side with the glory I had with you before the world was created" (John 17:5, NET). In His resurrection and ascension, Jesus was received back His eternal glory. His resurrection declared to the watching world that Jesus is God’s unique Son.

He "who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord" (Romans 1:4, NASB95).

The apostle John in the book of Revelation declared the full deity of Jesus Christ where we see demonstrated the attributes and prerogatives of God at work over creation. It is a picture of angels and living creatures saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing.” And every created thing which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea, and all things in them, I heard saying, ‘To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.’ And the four living creatures kept saying, ‘Amen.’ And the elders fell down and worshiped" (Revelation 5:12-14).  

There are many more passages of Scripture that clearly demonstrate that Jesus Christ is God incarnate, the Second Person of the Trinity and He alone is worthy of our worship as God. Immanuel has come, and He is with us!

Key Scriptures

John 1:1-5, 14, 18; 8:58; Acts 2:22-36; Matthew 22:41-46; Matthew 16:13-16; 2 Peter 1:11; 2:20; 3:18;  John 11:41-44; Colossians 1:15, 19; 2 Peter 1:1; 2 John 3; Jude 4; Revelation 5:8-14; Romans 1:8; 16:20; 1 John 2:22-25; Hebrews 13:8; Luke 2:11; Philippians 2:9-11 

Abiding Principles and Practical Applications

1. When you fully realize that Jesus Christ is God the only option is to fall at His feet and worship Him (Philippians 2:9-11).

2. On this Biblical doctrine the true believer in Jesus Christ cannot compromise: Jesus Christ is our great God and Savior! Have you joined the great heavenly choir singing praise to the Lamb who sits on the throne? (Rev. 5:8-14)

For Further Study

Jesus Christ is God
Jesus is the Great I AM   Series on  The Great I AM Sayings of Jesus
John 8:58; Exodus 3:12 Our Magnificent All Sufficient Savior and God
Philippians 2:5-6  The Sovereign Servant Jesus Christ
Philippians 2:7-8  When God Became Flesh
Infinite Glory of the Lord Jesus Christ
The Attitude of Jesus
Glory of God in Jesus Christ

Message by Wil Pounds and all content on this page (c) 2005 by Wil Pounds. Anyone is free to use this material and distribute it, but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's written consent. Scripture quotations from the New American Standard Bible (c) 1973, and 1995 Update by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission. 

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